École d’affaires publiques, Master in Public Affairs
Pedagogical format : Elective Course validation : Students will have three assignments (each of which will account for one third of the ﬁnal grade) : oral debate with another student (15 minutes) about a subject determined at the beginning of the course ; (medium) blog post written with another student : max 600 words, about a subject determined at the beginning of the course ; 5-minute oral pitch about a startup / managerial or institutional innovation (also determined at the beginning of the course). Each of the three assignments will account for one third of the ﬁnal grade. Pedagogical method : The course will include lessons and presentations (also with a few guests) / debates / other group exercises. Course Description : Work as we know it is dying. The Fordist economy and the institutions that backed its workers are going through an unprecedented crisis and new forms of work, new companies and new institutions are now beginning to emerge. The transition is not happening without conﬂict and pain. The course aims to address the emergence of the traditional ﬁrm and the work forms it generated, the growing tensions and problems that result from its decline, and the new institutions and solutions necessary to tomorrow's workers. 1. Introductory session : the birth of organizations (end of craftsmanship / beginning of the ﬁrm) ; 2. The Fordist supply chain (scientiﬁc organization of work / the 40-hour week / salaried work) ; 3. The institutions that fuelled the Fordist prosperity (collective bargaining / welfare state / banking credit) ; 4. Greater Taylorism : work as we know it today (gigantic organisations / performancebased management / the emergence of HR as a discipline) ;
5. The crisis of work as we know it : alienation (when efﬁciency-seeking organizations make work painful) and bullshit jobs (when oversized organizations create mountains of useless bureaucratic jobs) ; 6. The new geography of jobs : remote work vs more urban concentration (the modern commute) ; 7. Work and Tech companies : a new kind of management (Netﬂix, Google, etc.) ; 8. Entrepreneurs and self-employed workers (in quest of autonomy and self-fulﬁlment / ondemand work platforms / when transaction costs become almost null) ; 9. Serving workers in the gig economy (a host of new services and institutions are emerging to meet the needs of gig economy workers) ; 10. The future of professional training (the accelerating pace of technology / the crisis of the higher education system / hands-on training in the trial-and-error economy) ; 11. Work-life balance (parental leaves / gender issues / distribution of work through life) ; 12. The next safety net (from corporatist insurance to universal insurance / new risks in the failure age / basic income) Required reading : Lords of Strategy : The Secret Intellectual History of the New Corporate World - Walter Kiechel ; The Second Machine Age Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies Erik Brynjolfsson ; Crash Course : The American Automobile Industry's Road to Bankruptcy and Bailout-and Beyond Paul Ingrassia ; The Wealth of Networks : How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom Yochai Benkler ; The Future of the Professions : How Technology Will Transform the Work of Human Experts Richard Susskind, Daniel Susskind.