PSIA, Master in International Development
those resulting from specialization through trade, from the need to attract investment or from aid policies), on the one hand, and the objectives of human development, on the other hand. The course will review these different regimes, with a focus on whether, and how, each of these regimes is aligned with other regimes with which it coexists. It will reﬂect on the respective advantages and disadvantages of either the sectorialization of international policies (including the beneﬁts of "depoliticization" that may result from trusting international bureaucracies with the management of certain global public goods), or instead, of the establishment of stronger linkages between regimes in order to improve the coherence of global governance. It will ask whether the different regimes that coexist in global governance involve a certain measure of success, or a "culture" shared across its participants, that facilitate, or instead discourage, such linkages. It will study whether such linkages may be established in the design of rules, in their implementation by governments, or in the settlement of disputes. It will examine the role of international agencies, national governments and of civil society organizations in building bridges between regimes. It will discuss initiatives that were taken to overcome fragmentation, such as reform within domestic governance systems, the rise of extraterritorial human rights obligations, the inclusion of conditionalities in Generalized Systems of Preferences (SGP) schemes and in public procurement under the WTO regime, or the establishment of the Committee on World Food Security to improve global governance of food security. The aim of the course is to gradually shape the contours of what might be called the "post-Washington" consensus. The Washington consensus that emerged in the 1980s followed the "embedded liberalism" of the new international economic order established immediately after World War II. It has lost much of its credibility since the 1990s. But a new and alternative order is emerging only at a slow pace, not least because we inherit institutions premised on the idea that a specialization of regimes is the best way to ensure the protection of global public goods and to discipline States. Can that change ? Required reading : O. De Schutter, J. Swinnen and J. Wouters, 'Introduction : Foreign Direct Investment and Human Development', in O. De
Schutter et al. (eds), Foreign Direct Investment and Human Development. The Law and Economics of International Investment Agreements, Routledge, London and New York, 2012, pp. 1-24 ; Olivier De Schutter, "Trade in the service of climate change mitigation : The question of linkage", Journal of Human Rights and the Environment, vol. 5 (2014), pp. 65-102 ; O. De Schutter, 'Transnational Corporations as Instruments of Human Development', in Ph. Alston and M. Robinson (eds.), Human Rights and Development : Towards Mutual Reinforcement, Oxford Univ. Press, 2005, pp. 403-444.
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Aurelien BOUAYAD (Etudiant doctorant), Olivier DE SCHUTTER (Professor / United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food). Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : Class participation and preparation on the basis of the assigned readings (50%). Reform proposal (50%). Workload : Students are expected to prepare each session by going through the readings assigned, so as to enable them to take part in class discussions. Pedagogical method : The course will consist in a combination of lectures introducing each topic, and class discussions taking the questions prepared by the students as a departure point. Course Description : Why are almost one billion people hungry in a world in which increases in agricultural production have consistently outstripped demographic growth ? The objective of the course is to understand how governments have sought to combat hunger and malnutrition ; why they have so dramatically fa