PSIA, Master in International Development
Course validation : Mid term ; Final exam. Course Description : Economic development is central to policy concerns. This module analyses the key political, social and economic processes which affect development, taking the perspective of a country which is initially poor. In the past decade economists have increasingly recognized that the foundations of prosperity are political : societies need polities that are both centralized and inclusive. No society starts with such a polity : the ﬁrst part of the module analyses what determines whether these features develop. The second part covers the social conditions for development. Some cultures are more conducive to cooperation than others. Culture is analyzed as a set of beliefs generated from participation in social networks. The beliefs include a sense of identity, an understanding (or misunderstanding) of how the world works, and the norms that determine which behaviours generate respect and stigma. Like polities, cultures can to an extent be changed by policy choices. The third part covers three distinct economic opportunities – countries which are isolated, countries which are globally integrated, and countries which are resource-rich. Each is shown to require distinctive economic policies. The political and social difﬁculties of these policies are related back to the political and social conditions discussed in the ﬁrst two parts of the course. Required reading : Acemoglu and Robinson,Why Nations Fail : the Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty, 2012 ; Collier, Wars, Guns Votes : Democracy in Dangerous Places, 2009 ; Besley and Persson, (advanced, technical), Pillars of Prosperity, 2011.
Course validation : Evaluation will be based on active participation to the course, a short collective presentation on a speciﬁc subject, and an essay of around 10 pages (expected for the end of the semester). The theme of the presentation and the essay will be chosen among a list of possible subjects. Workload : Readings concerning the subject of the course (one or two papers per week). One group presentation during the course. One essay expected at the end of the semester. Pedagogical method : Twenty-four hours of course, among which two sessions will be based on presentations by the students. Course Description : This course is aimed at giving key elements of comprehension about agriculture, food security and sustainable development, in particular for what makes it an international question, and an issue for international coordination. It particularly aims at reframing recently largely mediatised questions concerning food security that might seem reduced to agricultural production, and will be illustrating the complexity of global food systems. Because they are nevertheless key elements for food security and sustainable development, the course will discuss the role of agricultural development in global macroeconomic development strategies, and controversies concerning agriculture in trade negotiations. The course will also make the link between agriculture, food security, domestic policies and global governance institutions. Various disciplinary ﬁelds will be mobilised : economics, political sciences, management sciences. Required reading : Eve Fouilleux (2003), La Politique agricole commune et ses réformes : Une politique européenne à l'épreuve de la globalisation, L'Harmattan ; Beverly McIntyre et al. (ed.) (2009) Agriculture at a Crossroads, International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) – Global report (http://www.agassessment.org/index.cfm ?Page=IAASTD%20 Reports&ItemID=2713) ; Marcel Mazoyer, Laurence Roudart (2002), Histoire des agricultures du monde : Du néolithique à la crise contemporaine, Seuil ; World Development Report 2008 “Agriculture for development”, World Bank. (http:// siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2008/ Resources/WDR_00_book.pdf). 1393
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SYSTEMS
Semester : Spring Number of hour