Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY - CLIMATE WATER
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 36 Language of tuition : English
gas emissions, the options for carbon abatement from the energy sector, and the cost of climate change mitigation or adaptation ? Water, which is also required for energy production, is becoming increasingly an issue due to climate change. How could a sustainable nexus energy-climate-water be achieved ? Required reading : Energy Primer (IIASA) http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/ Flagship-Projects/Global-Energy-Assessment/ GEA_Chapter1_lowres.pdf ; Climate Primer (C2ES) - http://www.c2es.org/docUploads/ climate101-fullbook.pdf ; Water and Energy (United Nations) http://unesdoc.unesco.org/ images/0022/002257/225741e.pdf.
Teachers : Kamel BEN NACEUR (Haut Conseiller), Tom MOERENHOUT (PhD Student). Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : A ﬁrst test will be done after Session 6, and a second one at the end of the course. Course Description : The energy world has undergone major changes over the last decade, that include a shift from OECD to non-OECD demand, a return to coal, the development of a previously untapped source of fossil fuels (unconventional /shale gas/oil). The carbon footprint of energy production and use has increased dramatically leading to major concerns about the sustainability of such a growth in energy use and such a projected energy mix. As a result, projected climate change would alter the world's ecosystems, including fresh water. The course describes the inter-relationship (nexus) between energy, climate and water and the options moving forward. The ﬁrst part presents the fundamentals of energy supply and demand, with a focus on major shifts and game-changing technologies (unconventionals, renewables). Scenarios of future energy-mix are then discussed, along with the implications on greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon abatement options and cost curves are evaluated. Climate change projections presented in the recent IPCC Assessment Report are discussed, along with dissenting opinions. Amongst the consequences, water availability and potential hydric stress and crop reduction are highlighted. The fact that water and energy production are often interlinked creates dependencies which are discussed. Finally, options for climate change negotiations and the role of developed/emerging economies are presented. Objective of the course : Provide an understanding of the interlinkage between energy (consumption and production), climate change, and water management. What are the different worldwide scenarios considered for energy intensity, their implications on greenhouse 1394
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Charles OMAN (Former Head of Strategy, OECD Development Center). Prerequisite : Before class begins students should read the book Why Nations Fail : The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty by Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson (2012). Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : Midterm and ﬁnal exams (required) ; Term paper and presentation to class (optional) ; Participation in class discussions (optional). Pedagogical method : Lectures + class discussion + student presentations. Course Description : The difference between average living standards in the “developed” and the “developing” countries grew ﬁve times over the last century, and is now extremely large. Hundreds of millions of people in the developing world are chronically undernourished, including a third of people living in Sub-Saharan Africa and an even larger absolute number in Asia. Infant mortality is twenty times higher in the developing countries. But there is also good news : average real per capita income has increased ﬁvefold in the devel-