PSIA, Master in Human Rights and Humanitarian Action
the Child, it examines the place of child rights in national legislation, policies, plans, and budgets, as well as in donor and UN practice. The course analyses policy processes and political decision making regarding children, amidst pressures from powerful societal actors competing for policy space and scarce resources. Illustrative cases are analyzed, focusing on the rights to survival and development, education, and protection. Attention is given to “child agency” and the right to expression. Through a synthesis of published and “grey” literature blended with the lecturer's extensive experience, the objectives are : to provide students with a sound grasp of key concepts and issues regarding child rights policy and practice in the African context ; to equip students with a good understanding of key determinants of effective public policy and societal action to improve child wellbeing and the fulﬁllment of their rights ; to introduce students to strategies, methods and networks that will help them as future development professionals to act more effectively for and with children. Required reading : UN, 1989. Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations General Assembly Document, A/RES/44/25 ; OAU, 1990. The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of Children. OAU Doc.CAB/LEG/24.9/49 ; Imoh Twum-Danso, Afua. 2014. ‘Realizing children's rights in Africa” in A. Twum- Danso and Nicola Ansell (eds.) Children's Lives in an Era of Children's Rights. The Progress of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Africa. London : Routledge ; Ennew, Judith, 2000. ‘'The History of Children's Rights : Whose Story ?'', Cultural Survival Quarterly, 24(2) : 44-48 ; Uvin, Peter, 2002. “On High Moral Ground : The Incorporation of Human Rights by the Development Enterprise''. Praxis : The Fletcher Journal of Development Studies, vol. XVII, 2002.
Teachers : Antoine BERNARD (Directeur Général de la FIDH (Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l'Homme)). Pedagogical format : Seminar Course validation : Students will be required to submit short notes on topics dealt with during classes and a ﬁnal essay on a theme related to the course. Course Description : The course will deal with the various means by which Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are active in the ﬁeld of human rights protection and how their assigned goals are achieved in complex international and domestic contexts where human rights are celebrated and/or on trial. Dilemmas arise out of the very many protagonists in this ﬁeld, the instrumentalization of human rights, the conﬂicting issues such as public order and security vs human rights, justice vs peace, business and trade vs human rights, moral and traditional values vs human rights. By the end of the semester, students should understand what stakes those organizations are facing everyday and how human rights NGOs impact protagonists' behaviours. 1. Introduction (Classes1 and 2) : - Setting the scene : human rights contexts, global and regional protection systems, standards, power mapping, actors ; - NGOs landscape : legal concepts, political realities ; - Techniques, tools and challenges : from documentation to advocacy, strategic litigation, public mobilisation and media work, information and communication technology, standard setting (focus on international human rights law, international humanitarian law, international criminal law), training and capacity building. 2. Challenging States'responsibility (Classes 3 and 4) : - NGOs contribution to and use of normative frames and standard-setting - Advocating for rights protection - Litigating against State's measures or practices Topics and case studies (to be selected with students) relating to : shrinking space for civil society ; human rights defenders protection ; conﬂict situations, closed states) 1435
THE ROLE OF NGO'S IN HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English