Both theoretical (identiﬁcation and presentation of relevant frameworks in the understanding of defense and security choices) and empirical (concrete and up-to-date examples) developments will be detailed in every domain. Efforts are undertaken to provide international comparisons with many examples drawn from the United States, Europe, Middle-East and Asia; one objective being to appreciate defense and security choices according to their geographical and cultural contexts in particular. Students in international affairs, international public management, international security, international economic policy, international development or public affairs are likely to be interested in such developments. Diplomacy At PSIA, diplomacy is approached from multidimensional perspectives. Diplomacy is the essence of foreign policy as a public policy, which must be ﬁnely understood, analyzed and shaped by future leaders. At the same time, diplomacy consists of a set of tools and skills in international affairs, an art that will make a difference in all ﬁelds for decision makers, negotiators or peace builders. PSIA students will have the opportunity to learn negotiation and mediation techniques/skills, from the most acclaimed professors and actors in the ﬁeld, including Miguel Angel Moratinos or Alvaro de Soto. Thanks to the contribution of many estimated professionals and diplomats, students will examine the most important case studies (both bilateral and multilateral ones). With them, PSIA can train the future generation of diplomats, within and outside the traditional spheres of “diplomacy”. Our students do indeed have access to the most seminal as well as the most up to date literature and practice in diplomacy, which will make a considerable complement to their Master’s curriculum at PSIA. Emerging Economies Building upon PSIA’s stand-alone Master programs such as International Development and International Economic Policy, among others, as well as the regional concentrations, the Emerging Economies concentration offers a comprehensive understanding of the experience and challenges proper to emerging economies. Hence, the scope of these courses is larger than just “emerging markets”: a term that typically suggests a priority to ﬁnancial investments and private portfolio strategies. But this scope does not extend to the broader notion of “emerging countries.” Domestic political institutions for instance, or international politics, are not speciﬁcally addressed. Naturally, this concentration is not solely about the BRICs: countries like Mexico, Thailand, Poland, Turkey or South Africa also interest us. For a student who comes from a Master’s program with a strong economic dimension, this concentration will bring primarily an applied science dimension. It will offer the students a better understanding of how these speciﬁc countries function; but this set of courses will also feedback on core economic teaching. Think Economic growth, macroeconomic policies, balance of payment adjustment, etc. This concentration is also open to non-economics students, though a background in economics is highly welcomed. At the same time, this concentration should not be considered as a substitute for basic training in economics. Environment The Environment concentration beneﬁts from the rich curriculum offered in the Master in Environmental Policy. Please refer to the presentation of this Master program. Global Economic Policy The Global Economic Policy concentration beneﬁts from the rich curriculum offered in the Master in International Economic Policy. Please refer to the presentation of this Master program.