Among many others, these questions are to be addressed in an introductive course taught during the ﬁrst semester by scholars and former professionals, alongside with guest lecturers using case studies. During the following semesters, specialized seminars will highlight some aspects of intelligence policies such as covert action, the use of technology or the reconstruction of intelligence in the Arab world. International Energy The International Energy concentration beneﬁts from the rich curriculum offered in the Master in International Energy. Please refer to the presentation of this Master program. Methods The Methods concentration is designed for highly motivated students interested in ﬁeld research in international affairs either because they are thinking of undertaking a PhD or because the sector in which they would like to work is based on empirical study and demands intense research skills. Future policy makers will also beneﬁt from these teachings that are very much in line with our Masters in International Economic Policy, International Development and also International Security. Students who intend to work for international organizations or governmental bodies are indeed given an edge in their career as young professionals if they have acquired solid methodological skills during their graduate studies. The ﬁrst semester offers an introductory course dealing with research design whereas the following semesters offer specialized courses that craft skills in various domains such as advanced quantitative methods, qualitative methods, randomized experiments, cartography, etc. The diversity of courses offered within the Methods concentration program can be found on the thematic concentration course offerings. Migrations One billion individuals are presently involved in mobility or migration, two thirds for internal migration and one third for international migration. Although only 3% of the world population are “international migrants” or “refugees”, mobility is affecting many across the globe. New economic dynamics around the planet will lead to new population movements; internal migration in China reaches international migration on the planet (over 200 million people); conﬂicts as well as climate change will lead to further forced mobility, etc. Examples show that migration is a multi-faceted phenomenon that needs elaborate policy responses. The concentration offers a multidisciplinary approach to international migration and mobility issues with a policy perspective. Courses deal with issues around the management of migration and refugee ﬂuxes, around integration and the politics of migrants’ incorporation, the causes and consequences of mobility in both developed and developing countries. Both voluntary and forced migrations are explored in this program allowing for a comprehensive understanding of mobility. The concentration provides understanding of global population movements and the politics associated with it. Project Management The Project Management concentration is designed for students who might already have acquired some form of related professional experience and for all students who are looking to work in the ﬁeld upon graduation—and notably in non-governmental organizations (NGOs), but not exclusively—endowing them with operational skills. The Project Management Concentration is destined for students who wish to start up a project—including their own—ﬁnancing and running it.