Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
présentation orale d'un sujet tiré au sort en 10 minutes, et de 10 minutes de questions/réponses, soit un total de 20 minutes. Descriptif du cours : Cet enseignement vise à présenter le cadre institutionnel et les modes de prise de décisions de l'Union européenne, en accordant une place déterminante au fonctionnement pratique des institutions et aux sujets d'actualité. Lectures principales demandées : Nathalie BRACK, Olivier COSTA, Le Fonctionnement de l'Union européenne, Edition de l'Université de Bruxelles, coll. « UBlire – références », 2011.
ber States of the EU consider that in spite of a clear supremacy clause within the founding treaties and the direct effect of much EU legislation, the EU remains a simple international organization, structured and regulated by an international treaty. The present course will analyze both of these pretentions, in order to determine the degree of autonomy of the EU legal order. This construction will be demonstrated by analysis of the EU structure (Part 1), its systemic workings (Part 2), and the powers of each institution (Part 3). The ﬁrst four lectures will therefore cover the structure of the EU, presenting the history and evolution of its foundational treaties, the nature of the EU and its ensuing competences as exercised by original power sharing political institutions (the European Council, the Council, the Commission, the European Parliament, The European Court of Justice, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors) geared at striking a balance between pretentions of the member States, their citizens, and the EU itself. The following four lectures will analyze in detail the internal and external powers of each individual institution, with emphasis on the procedural guarantees and limits aimed at ensuring a representative democracy as established in the foundational treaties. The last four lectures will examine the relationships between the EU institutions (horizontal balance of powers), as well as between the EU institutions and the member States and their citizens (vertical balance of powers). The nature of the institutional balance will show that although the EU does not have a formal constitution, it is possible to claim that it does have a material constitution regulating the autonomy of the EU legal order. Required reading : European Constitutional Law, Robert Schütze, Cambridge Editions (2016), pp. 1-43.
INSTITUTIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 48 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Gretchen ALLEN-MESTRALLET (PhD. Lecturer). Pedagogical format : Lecture and tutorials Senior lecturers : Cornelia VECCHIO (PhD. Lecturer), Roman ZINIGRAD (Teaching Fellow). Course validation : - 2/3 of the ﬁnal grade is comprised of three equal marks in seminars : one individual presentation (1/3 of the seminar grade), one group presentation (1/3 of the seminar grade), the mean grade of three quizzes (1/3 of the seminar grade) ; - 1/3 of the ﬁnal grade : ﬁnal examination (8-minute oral presentation and 12 minutes of questions). Pedagogical method : The course will be divided into 12 two-hour lectures. Power points and course outline will be available on Moodle prior to each lecture. The power points and required reading should be read before each lecture, allowing for 15 minutes of questions and debate at the end of each class hour. Weekly seminars will follow the lectures, and include both practical (case studies and commentaries) and theoretical (essays and debates) exercises. Course Description : The functioning of the European Union (EU) deﬁes all categories recognized by classical international law. From the point of view of the EU, this new form of integrated organization goes far beyond the characteristics of an international organization, creating a sui generis federation of States. On the contrary, the mem148
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Nathalie JANSON (Associate Professor). Pedago