DEFENSE AND SECURITY IN ASIA
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English ; French
related to the theme of the course. Class participation will constitute 30% of the grade. Course Description : India will be used as a test case for the theories of democracy - which do not seem apt to account for the birth and development of « the world's largest democracy ». Indeed, India's records are unique : no other country with such a low per capita GDP has succeeded in maintaining such a resilient democratic regime for so long. This achievement is largely due to the British inﬂuence during the colonial era, but it also stems from speciﬁc societal and political characters which have to be examined in a perspective of long durée. The quality of the Indian democracy needs to be scrutinized though. It has been very conservative for decades and even authoritarian under Indira Gandhi. Things changed in the 1990s which were a milestone because of the rise of the lower castes, a form of silent revolution. Since the 1990s, the political system is also much more decentralized and bi-polarized around two coalitions which make alternation in power a routinized exercise. Today, India's democracy is affected by several developments : the rise of Hindu nationalism results in ethno-religious conﬂicts and in the marginalisation of Christians and Muslims ; Islamism is .growth is signiﬁcantly unbalanced : the urban middle class is getting richer and richer (but lose interest and conﬁdence in democracy) while the peasants are losing ground and tend to turn to the maoist revolutionaries in the poorest parts of the country ; last but not least, the rule of law has been put on trial, not only because of corruption, but also because of the criminialisation of politics. In comparison to Pakistan, the Indian regime remains much more democratic though, and these diverging trajectories of two countries stemming from the same colonial matrix needs to be explained. Required reading : Brass, P., The Politics of India since Independence, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990 ; Frankel, F., India's Political Economy, 1947-1977, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1978 ; C. Jaffrelot (ed.), India Since 1950, New Delhi, Foundation Books, 2011 ; Kohli, A. (ed.), The success of India's democracy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001 ; Rudolph, Lloyd et Susanne Hoeber, In Pursuit of Lakshmi : The Political Economy of the Indian State, Hyderabad, Orient Longman, 1987. 1519
Teachers : Emmanuel PUIG (Head of Northeast Asia Bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs, Ministry of Defense). Pedagogical format : Seminar Course validation : 20% participation ; 30% short essay (2-3 pages, on a very speciﬁc topic of your choice, directly related to the course and submitted to approval, due before session 10) ; 50% ﬁnal exam. Course Description : This course is designed for master students who are interested in learning about defense and security issues in Asia. It will address the current political and strategic dynamics in Asia through the lenses of defense and security. It will start by a broad introduction to level the ﬁeld and then it will be divided in three parts : the ﬁrst part will focus on the roots of China's growing inﬂuence. The second will address the issue of the historical powers and their (somehow difﬁcult) relations with China. Then the third part will speciﬁcally focus on prominent aspects of defense and security dynamics in Asia – not always involving China. The course will examine the organizations, the actions and the multi-level interactions of the key players within the Region. This course has no prerequisite and it is explicitly designed to provide an insightful approach to defense and security issues. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
DEMOCRACY IN INDIA
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 42 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Virginie DUTOYA (Chargée de recherches), Asma FAIZ (Etudiante doctorante), Christophe JAFFRELOT (Rese