described and several examples of past and recent outbreaks and their consequences will be developed. Operational and institutional mechanisms for the detection of and response to epidemics will be illustrated through the description of the various health security networks. Information and communication as well as cooperation processes will be developed. Required reading : Morse, S.S., Factors in the Emergence of Infectious Diseases. 1995. 1(1). Available at : http ://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/ article/1/1/pdfs/95-0102.pdf ; Epidemic intelligence : a new framework for strenghtening disease surveillance in Europe. Euro surveill. 1006 ; 11(12) :pii=665, available at : http ://www. eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx ?ArticleId=665 ; « International law and communicable diseases » available at : http ://www.who.int/ bulletin/archives/80(12)946.pdf ; An introduction to Epidemiology : http ://www.cdc.gov/EXCITE/ classroom/intro_epi.htm.
Term paper : grouped by pair, students have to write a short environmental history of a place, an event, a character, an object or a concept (30003500 words). Course Description : Scholars have concerned themselves with race, class and gender because they offer a means of exploring the history of oppressions. But power inequalities also literally take place, occurring in landscape with their own peculiar attributes. By focusing on how different groups went about shaping environment as a resource to exploit, a territory to build and a representation to impose, this course will explore the history of power in Africa, during and after colonization. Emphasis will be especially given to politics of nature. Between an African Eden that would be irreparably damaged by its inhabitants and a Western ecosystem faded by the technical brilliance of men lays a power struggle that reveals not only the political dimension of African nature, but also the very nature of African modes of governance. Required reading : Melissa Leach, Robin Mearns, « Challenging Received Wisdom in Africa », in Melissa Leach, Robin Mearns eds., The Lie of the Land, London, The International African Institute, 1996, 1-33.
GOVERNING NATURE AND AFRICA SINCE COLONIZATION
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Opened to the exchange program
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS OF NORTH AFRICA
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Guillaume BLANC (Post-doctoral researcher, EHESS). Prerequisite : Chapter to read for the ﬁrst session : Leach Melissa, Mearns Robin, « Challenging Received Wisdom in Africa », in Leach Melissa, Mearns Robin (eds.), The Lie of the Land, Londres, The International African Institute, 1996, coll. « African Issues », p. 1-33. Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : Students will be evaluated on a review essay (40%), on participation (10%) and on a term paper (50%) : Review essay (40%) : each student has to write a 1000 word review essay about an article selected in the reading list, and has to be able to make a 5 minutes presentation of its essay during the course. Participation (10%) : each student has to read an article for each session, and to participate during each session to the discussion around the mandatory article.
Teachers : Lindsay BENSTEAD (Associate Professor of Political Science), Mathilde ZEDERMAN (Etudiante doctorante). Prerequisite : There are no prerequisites for the course, though prior preparation in Middle East politics or history is helpful. Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : Participation and class citizenship (10%) ; three ﬁlm responses (15%) ; three reading responses (15%) ; midterm (25%) ; research paper (35%). Pedagogical method : The course will be taught with lectures and some class discussion. Students will prepare for class through readings, as well as screening some ﬁlms (available online). 1549