Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
Course Description : Situated between Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, the North African nations of the classical Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia), Egypt, Libya, Mauritania constitute a diverse region united by Amazigh heritage, Islam and Arab culture, and European colonialism. Although these countries share social and historical commonalities, their distinctive post-independence state formation and development trajectories provide rich opportunities for comparison, both within the region as well as with the Gulf and the broader Middle East. This course provides an overview of the political development of six North African nations and an in-depth look at the causes and consequences of the Arab uprisings. It begins with a historical overview of the region and draws on recent survey and ﬁeld research to understand the politics of the transitions in Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. Gender and politics, as well as major topics in the regional and international relations of North Africa are also considered. This course aims to give students an overview of topics in Middle East and North African studies, drawing on the canon of literature in Middle East political science, short policy articles, and ﬁlms. It provides an in-depth look at the politics of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt and covers contemporary political issues such as public opinion toward democracy, Islamist politics, and gender and politics. Students will come away with an understanding of the challenges and opportunities of post-Arab spring North Africa and a deeper interest in studying the region. Required reading : Lust, Ellen. The Middle East, 14th Ed., Washington, DC. CQ Press.
Pedagogical format : Seminar Course validation : 2,000-word policy memo (35%), 5,000-word country grand strategy paper (55%) and class participation (10%). Workload : Extensive reading as well as a policy memo and a country grand strategy paper. The policy memo will address a speciﬁc major crisis from the vantage point of a foreign ministry ofﬁcer while the country grand strategy paper will make the case that a speciﬁc country does or does not have a grand contemporary strategy. Crises and countries will be selected in conjunction with the instructor. Pedagogical method : Interactive lectures followed by intensive discussion. Course Description : This course is an introduction to grand strategy in diplomacy. It will review the sources, processes, pressures and challenges of crafting and implementing a grand strategy, taking the perspective of the practitioner and decision-maker. It will study three memoranda that introduced new grand strategies for major powers, drafted by three master strategists (Otto von Bismarck and the Pracht Schrift, Eyre Crowe and the Crowe Memorandum and George F. Kennan and the Long Telegram), as well as analyze their respective successes, failures and legacies. The course will then address a number of contemporary crises and issues from the vantage point of grand strategy, providing students with the analytical tools to better frame and examine (through comparison or abstraction) diplomatic challenges and responses. These crises will include the United States invasion and occupation of Iraq, the annexations and provocations by Russia in the Caucasus and Eastern Europe, the reclamations by China in the South China Seas, the confrontations between Iran and Saudi Arabia in the Middle East and India and Pakistan in South Asia, the deconstruction of collective security at the United Nations, among others. The course will also address the question of whether grand strategy is attainable for small states and will look into a speciﬁc case, Costa Rica, a small country without an army that is in the unenviable position of not having the luxury of threatening to use “all options”. The second-to-last session will consist of presentations of draft memoranda prepared by students, while the last session will draw from the previous sessions in providing lessons and conclusions on grand strategy i