Pedagogical method : Formal lectures and open debates on chosen thematic/challenges. Practical exercises with concrete or ﬁctitious situations. A document with large bibliography will be shared before starting the class. Reports on the consultations of States in follow-up of Resolution 1 of 31st International Conference of the Red Cross (2011). Students will be expected to read some documents about weapons issues : ATT, recent expert meetings on Autonomous weapons, nuclear weapons (humanitarian initiative, Declaration of the AprilMay 2015 NPT Review Conference. Course Description : Students are passionate about IHL and conscience of its importance. Gain a good theoretical and practical knowledge of IHL, its essence and fundamental principles, its historical development, main sources and instruments, its national and international mechanisms of implementation and repression of its violations /war crimes both in its dimension of the protection of persons (protected persons and objects) and the conduct of hostilities (means and methods of warfare). They know how to qualify an armed conﬂict and have a basic knowledge of international jurisprudence w/r to violations of IHL. Students shall know the respective nature of jus in bello and jus ad bellum, the differences and similarities of IHL and International Human Rights. Contemporary challenges of IHL will be addressed and debated, the existing IHL agendas in various multilateral forums will be presented and the present development and clariﬁcation processes commented. They examine practical cases and challenges of the implementation of IHL in peace time and in past and present situations of armed conﬂict (and armed violence). They know the mandate and actions of the International Committee of the Red Cross as well as the UNSC, UNGA and UNSG's IHL agenda, roles main resolutions. They are familiar with the preparation of the 32nd International Conference of the Red Cross (December 2015) and the reports and resolutions presented as well as with the preparation of the World Humanitarian Summit (Istanbul, March 2016). A full detailed syllabus will be distributed to the students before the beginning of the course. Concervation of the course can be made either in English or in Spanish. Required reading : www.ircrc.org : war and law part and the Data Bases (as a regular reference and monitoring) ; International Review of the Red
Cross ; “Principes de droit des conﬂits armés”, Prof. Eric David (a large complete, 1999, 2008, manual in French) ; “How does law protects in war”, Marco Sassóli & Antoine Bouvier & Anne Quintin, 2011 Ref. 0739 ; ICRC report to the 31th International Conference of the Red Cross on the challenges of IHL.
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Philippe MARTIN (Professeur des Universités à Sciences Po). Prerequisite : Undergraduate courses in macroeconomics. Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : Grades are based on a group homework (40%) and a ﬁnal examination (60%). Homework : by groups of 3 or 4. To be handed back in class the week of lecture 8. Find a policy question (some examples provided in class) which deals with an issue in international macroeconomics and ﬁnance. Using policy and academic articles, provide a critical answer to the question. Your are expected to deﬁne precisely the question and provide an answer weighting the pros and cons in a (maximum) 5-page document (max. 3,000 words). Providing data to justify your conclusions would be appreciated. Workload : Readings for each classes ; one group homework (essay) ; preparation for the ﬁnal exam. Pedagogical method : Twelve weekly lectures of 2 hours. Course Description : The course tackles the main issues in international ﬁnance : ﬁnancial globalization, exchange rates and capital ﬂows, economic policies in open economies and international ﬁnancial crises. The focus of the course will be on policy oriented questions. In particular, we w