Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
Course validation : A ﬁrst test will be done after Session 6, and a second one at the end of the course. Course Description : The energy world has undergone major changes over the last decade, that include a shift from OECD to non-OECD demand, a return to coal, the development of a previously untapped source of fossil fuels (unconventional / shale gas/oil). The carbon footprint of energy production and use has increased dramatically leading to major concerns about the sustainability of such a growth in energy use and such a projected energy mix. As a result, projected climate change would alter the world's ecosystems, including fresh water. The course describes the inter-relationship (nexus) between energy, climate and water and the options moving forward. The ﬁrst part presents the fundamentals of energy supply and demand, with a focus on major shifts and game-changing technologies (unconventionals, renewables). Scenarios of future energy-mix are then discussed, along with the implications on greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon abatement options and cost curves are evaluated. Climate change projections presented in the recent IPCC Assessment Report are discussed, along with dissenting opinions. Amongst the consequences, water availability and potential hydric stress and crop reduction are highlighted. The fact that water and energy production are often interlinked creates dependencies which are discussed. Finally, options for climate change negotiations and the role of developed/emerging economies are presented. Objective of the course : Provide an understanding of the interlinkage between energy (consumption and production), climate change, and water management. What are the different worldwide scenarios considered for energy intensity, their implications on greenhouse gas emissions, the options for carbon abatement from the energy sector, and the cost of climate change mitigation or adaptation ? Water, which is also required for energy production, is becoming increasingly an issue due to climate change. How could a sustainable nexus energy-climate-water be achieved ? Required reading : Energy Primer (IIASA) - http ://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/ Flagship-Projects/Global-Energy-Assessment/ GEA_Chapter1_lowres.pdf ; Climate Primer 1622
(C2ES) - http ://www.c2es.org/docUploads/ climate101-fullbook.pdf ; Water and Energy (United Nations) http ://unesdoc.unesco.org/ images/0022/002257/225741e.pdf.
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF EUROPEAN MONETARY UNIFICATION
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Frédéric COSTE (Doctorant en Science Politique), Fabrizio SACCOMANNI (Directeur général). Pedagogical format : Seminar Course validation : One mid-term paper (2,000 words) and one the ﬁnal paper (3,000 words). Course Description : The creation of the Economic and Monetary Union by some members of the European Union is a process of great complexity, involving political, institutional and technical aspects. The course will review the evolution of the process and explore the reasons for its inception and its incomplete development. The course will examine the implications of the global ﬁnancial crisis for the operation of the European Central Bank in a context of inadequate EU mechanisms for crisis management and for ﬁscal policy coordination. In conclusion, the argument for a broad reform of the European Economic Governance will be made : it should take into account the limits of monetary policy in dealing with systemic crises and develop new instruments to ensure ﬁnancial stability in the EU (completion of Banking Union, establishment of Capital Markets Union) ; it should endow the Eurozone with a comprehensive framework for conducting counter-cyclical macroeconomic policies to cope with risks of economic stagnation and deﬂation. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English