Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
tral and Eastern Europe, after the Soviet Union has collapsed and the question of minority rights has been considered as a democratic requirement. On the other hand, since the 1980s, “politics of recognition” along with the concept of multiculturalism refers to a “democratic defence of cultural diversity within a universalistic perspective”, and is applied to settled migrants in western societies. Each state deﬁnes its own minorities. But the European Union introduces a normative view diffused by supranational institutions on member states and on candidate countries such as Turkey. In Turkey the question of minority is complex and theoretically challenging because of the regional setting that send each minority situation to a transnational solidarity, sometimes transnational conﬂict, or to a diaspora either because of the dispersion of former Millets os the Ottoman Empire et/or the importance of Turkish migration in Europe. Through the readings the seminar will discuss policies and approaches with regard to the question of minority in Turkey and compare with : -the emergence of the concept in different contexts -the national and international dynamics with regard to its adaptation -political, institutional, and juridical accommodation by states. -the emerging international and supranational norms in the change of the deﬁnition Required reading : Ph. Gleason ; Minorities (Almost) All.The minority concept in American Social Thought, in American Quarterly, Vol. 43, no. 3 (sept 1991), pp. 392-424 ; D. Wilkinson ; Rethinking the Concept of Minority : A Task for Social Scientists and Practitioners, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, march 2000, vol XXVII, no.1, pp.115-132 ; Ph. V. Ramaga, Relativity of the Minority Concept, Human Rights Quarterly, 14(1992), pp.104-119.
Teachers : Mario DEL PERO (Professeur des Universités), Gaetano DI TOMMASO (Doctorant). Pedagogical format : Lecture alone Course validation : One mid-term and one-ﬁnal exam of 1 hour each, with open questions on the topics discussed during weeks 1-6 (midterm) and 7-12 (ﬁnal), 25% each ; One ﬁnal research paper, of approximately 4,000 words, on a topic to be agreed with the instructor, 50%. Course Description : The course will examine how the power and global inﬂuence of the United States has changed and evolved since 1945, and the impact of this change on the foreign relations of the U.S. The ﬁrst three sessions will be dedicated to the different drivers of the post-World War II global ascendancy of the United States, and to the crisis, and apparent demise, of U.S. hegemony during the 1970s. The second part of the course will instead examine the new and in many ways contradictory way through which American world leadership was at the time reasserted and re-launched. In particular, we will discuss the foreign policies and security strategies of the Reagan, Bush I and Clinton administrations, highlighting the importance of the end of the Cold War and the surprising re-legitimization of war, and of U.S.-led military interventions, during the last decade of the 20th century. The third and last part of the course will be on the Bush II and Obama administrations. In particular, by examining the impact of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and, in the case of Obama, three speciﬁc case-studies, we will try to understand how the peculiar form of hegemony of the post-1970s United States (based on military preponderance, high domestic consumptions, dual deﬁcits (external and domestic) and often incoherent national security discourses) has affected the conduct of its foreign relations and its engagement with the rest of the world. Required reading : See syllabus.
THE UNITED STATES IN THE WORLD : NATURE AND CONTRADICTIONS OF U.S. POWER
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
THEORY & PRACTICE OF DIPLOMACY
Semester : Autumn and Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English