Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
Required reading : Besson, Samantha and John Tasioulas eds (2010) The Philosophy of International Law (Oxford : Oxford University Press).
THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD IN SOCIAL SCIENCES
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
tures will focus on data analysis in social sciences. This part will show how hypotheses are tested and more generally how research based on the scientiﬁc method can inform public debates. The two ﬁnal lectures will conclude on the use of the scientiﬁc method in the social sciences (to what extent can models describe human behavior, what are the consequences of measurement errors, etc.). Each class will begin with a lecture on speciﬁc tools and methods used in social sciences to analyze an issue or test a theory. In the second part of each class, we will see how these tools are applied, by discussing and analyzing arguments used by both sides of debated and controversial issues, such as the alleviation of poverty in developing countries (should developed countries give aid money to developing countries ?), the inﬂuence of money in politics (do campaign contributions inﬂuence how legislators vote ?), immigration (do immigrants take jobs away from domestic workers ?), discrimination (to what extent does racial and ethnic discrimination exist in developed countries ?) and global warming (can an agreement be reached on a global scale ?). Given that the U.S. presidential elections will be taking place in early November, many of the issues discussed are likely to have a strong U.S. focus. By the end of the semester, students are expected to be able to identify : - the theoretical foundations for arguments used to discuss their chosen topic ; - how to test hypotheses following the scientiﬁc method ; - the scientiﬁc “quality” of arguments used in debates on the topic. Required reading : Levitt, S. (2004). Testing Theories of Discrimination : Evidence from Weakest Link. Journal of Law and Economics, 47(2), 431452..
Teachers : Anne BORING (PhD - Researcher OFCE - Sciences Po). Pedagogical format : Elective Course validation : Individual research project (60%) : At the end of the semester, students will hand-in a research paper (15 pages max). Students choose their own topic and ask for the instructor's validation. Students are required to choose a controversial or debated issue to analyze according to the methodology studied in class. Students will work on this paper step-by-step during the semester, with each step being graded ; Tests (30%) : Two short tests will be given in class ; Participation (10%) : The grade will include participation in class debates and discussion of case studies. Pedagogical method : Mix of lectures and discussion sessions. Discussion sessions will be based on case studies. Students must read the assignments before coming to class in order to participate in class discussions. Reading assignments and exercises will be posted on Moodle (http ://moodle.sciences-po.fr). The goal of these assignments and exercises will be to help you learn the skills necessary to write a high quality ﬁnal paper. Course Description : This course will show how the scientiﬁc method can provide a framework for analyzing arguments and controversial issues in the social sciences. The course is interdisciplinary, although it will mainly draw from four ﬁelds of social sciences : economics, law, international relations and political science. The goal of this course is to teach students some tools that will enable them to challenge conventional wisdom and develop their critical thinking skills. The course is divided in two parts. After an introductory lecture, the ﬁrst four lectures will be on the structure of arguments. The following ﬁve lec164
TWENTIETH CENTURY HISTORY OF EUROPE AND ASIA
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 48 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Gerd-Rainer HORN (Professeur des Universités).