École urbaine, Master in Governing the Large Metropolis
Workload : An Anglo-Saxon model will be used : students are expected to come to class prepared to discuss the required reading for that session and participate actively in class discussion. The readings are a mix of grey literature and case studies, augmented with theoretical materials. Students will be expected to collaborate in small groups to produce a case study for a simulation to be presented during the ﬁnal session.Students should attend all sessions, arrive at class on time and stay for the entire class, read all the assigned readings and come to class with comments and criticisms on the readings, consistently take an active part in class discussions. Pedagogical method : 4 sessions of 3 hours Course Description : The purpose of this workshop is to explore and discuss the policy challenge that urban areas face in terms of climate change and transport policy. Focusing on urban passenger transport, the course will attempt to unpack the drivers of the demand for transport and mobility service ; the economic, social and environmental impacts from the sector ; as well as the investment challenges and governance processes involved in inﬂuencing long-term mobility trends. Particular attention will be paid towards how local governments ﬁnance low-carbon and other forms of sustainable transport. Analysis will apply a multilevel governance institutional framework (national, regional, local) within which policy making occurs and the information needed for decision-making. Required reading : Kennedy, C., E. Miller, A. Shalaby, H. Maclean, and J. Coleman. “The Four Pillars of Sustainable Urban Transportation.” Transport Reviews 25, no. 4 (2005) : 393–414 ; NCE. The New Climate Economy - The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate. Chapter 2 – Cities ; Chapter 6 - Finance, (2014) ; Charbit, Claire. Governance of Public Policies in Decentralised Contexts : The Multi-level Approach. OECD Regional Development Working Papers. OECD, 2011 ; Cochran, Ian. Beyond Pricing Carbon : Increasing the Efﬁciency of Greenhouse gas mitigation through local policies – The Case of Urban Passenger Transport. PhD dissertation chapter (2012) ; Hooghe, L., and G. Marks (2003) “Unravelling the Central State, but How ? Types of Multilevel Governance”, American Political Science Review, vol. 97 (2003), no. 2, pp. 233-43.
COMPARATIVE APPROACH TO FINANCING METROPOLITAN DEVELOPMENT
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 12 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Adam OSTRY (Project manager, Governance Reviews and Partnerships Division - OECD). Prerequisite : None. Pedagogical format : Workshop Course validation : In class value-added contribution to discussion/understanding of topics ; A short (750-1000 words) case study on a topic related to the workshop, of the student's choosing and agreed to by the facilitator, in essay format, that articulates a policy and/or governance challenge, describes the contextual factors inﬂuencing its resolution, and proposes options to address. Workload : 4 workshop sessions + preparatory work for workshop participation and case-study essay. Pedagogical method : 3 sessions of 4 hours. Participative workshop format. Course Description : The sessions will focus on the policy and governance arrangements that underpin the ﬁnancing of metropolitan development in large-scale urban areas. In particular, content will focus on the public-policy rationale driving urban development in these regions, the vertical (multilevel) and horizontal (inter-municipal) governance arrangements adopted by public-sector authorities in support of this development, how (and why) these arrangements evolved over time, the implication of civil-society organisations, including business, labour, academic and community groups, in metropolitan-development policy-setting and implementation and in ﬁnancing arrangements to support this development, and the public accountability and reporting arrangements adopted to measure performance against development o