École doctorale, Programme doctoral de science politique
of parties and candidates. This seminar will offer an overview about the main theories and the current debates in this ﬁeld of research. We will see what the main functions of elections are from the point of view of citizens, and how they relate to different conceptions of political representation. We will review the most important approaches to explaining citizens' preferences, including factors such as social cleavages, value orientations, issue preferences, the economic situation, and evaluations of government's past performance. Besides the explanation of voting choices, this seminar we will also discuss research about the determinants of electoral turnout and political participation. We will also analyse the behaviour and decisions of political parties and candidates, in particular regarding the policy positions they advocate and the political and social issues they choose to emphasize during electoral campaigns. For all of these aspects of electoral competition, a particular importance will be given to a comparative approach, in order to highlight how the political and institutional context inﬂuences the decisions of citizens and parties Required reading : Adams, James F., Samuel Merrill III, and Bernard Grofman. 2005. A Uniﬁed Theory of Party Competition. A CrossNational Analysis Integrating Spatial and Behavioral Factors. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. ; Dalton, Russell J., and Christopher J. Anderson, eds. 2010. Citizens, Context and Choice : How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices. Oxford : Oxford University Press. ; Dalton, Russell J., and Hans-Dieter Klingemann, eds. 2007. The Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior. Oxford : Oxford University Press. ; van der Eijk, Cees, and Mark N. Franklin. 2009. Elections and Voters. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan. ; Franklin, Mark N. 2004. Voter Turnout and the Dynamics of Electoral Competition in Established Democracies since 1945. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press..
Teachers : Olivier DABENE (Professeur des Universités à Sciences Po). Prerequisite : . Pedagogical format : Seminar Course validation : Contrôle continu Pedagogical method : Cours séminaire Course Description : This course is designed to introduce the sub-ﬁeld of comparative politics. It focuses on the evolution of political orders in the age of globalization, addressing a wide range of issues such as : Why do some countries manage to preserve political stability while others are plagued with instability ? How do political crises erupt, unfold and terminate ? Are there different paths toward democracy ? How can we explain simultaneous and similar changes in several countries ? Is globalization eroding nation-states ? How do activists cope with globalization ? Are elections always democratic ? Does the regime type make a difference in providing welfare ? This course refers to North American and French seminal anchor texts. However, its ambition is to question the dominant literature regarding its applicability to western as well as non-western contexts. Each class includes a presentation of a topic, a discussion of the methodologies available to investigate it, and some case studies. The professor's area of expertise is Latin America. However, a number of examples are drawn from Europe and other regions of the world. Students are assigned case studies to enrich the comparative perspective and apply the ideas presented in each session. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
EQUALITY, DISCRIMINATION, AFFIRMATIVE ACTION : A COMPARATIVE AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Opened to the exchange program
COMPARATIVE POLITICS. POLITICAL ORDERS IN THE AGE OF GLOBALISATION
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Daniel SABBAGH (Researcher, CERI), Patrick SIMON (Directeur de recherche). Prerequisite : Aucun. Pedagogical format : Seminar Course validation : Contrôle continu. 2363