Campus de Paris
available online. Fluency in English is not a criterion of evaluation. The ﬁnal grade, from 0 to 20, will be composed as follows : 40% - Presentation on the assigned research topic (20%) and the follow-up written essay (20%), 10% - Overall participation in class discussions, 20% - Participation and performance in the mock EU negotiation sessions, 10% - Analytical European news review, 20% - End of term multiple choice quiz. In general, students will be assessed for their participation in class, the quality of their individual research, the soundness of their analysis, the pertinence of arguments, their capacity to ﬁnd and use reference materials and to transform information into knowledge, as well as for adopting a critical approach and publicly presenting their ideas in a clear and structured manner. Further explanations and advice will be given during the ﬁrst session. Course Description : The objective of the class is to provide students with a critical understanding of the major issues currently faced by European countries, and more speciﬁcally at the supranational European Union level. We will analyse the facts to understand the major causes, potential consequences and think of possible solutions to address challenges existing in the euro area, created by the unprecedented migrant ﬂows to Europe, and in the ﬁght against climate change. We will also have a close look at the dynamics of decisionmaking at the EU level through a simulation of Member State negotiations in the Council of the EU. Before concluding this elective course, we will look at the rise of Euroscepticism and the issue of democratic deﬁcit in the European Union.
By the end of term students are expected to have acquired a critical approach and a solid understanding of the major issues and debates on the topics covered during the class. No prior knowledge of the European Union is required. To give all students an equal understanding of the basic functioning of EU institutions, the 2nd session will be dedicated to explaining the fundamentals of the institutional functioning and decision-making at the EU level. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
THE PRESIDENT'S BODY. BIOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL BODY OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Thomas SNEGAROFF (Professeur). Pedagogical format : Elective Course validation : One oral presentation, one lecture Course Description : The use of the biological body holds an essential role in the ediﬁcation of a presidential sacralization. It progressively becomes a tool for the conquest of power (manhood of TR for example), and even for its very exercise (charisma, charm…). The rhetoric using the body or the values of the body are a big part of this concern (with FDR for example). Doing thus, the biological and the political bodies tend to fuse, the former helping the rise in power of the latter, and the same in return sacralizing the ﬁrst… Inversely, the presidential body can weaken. Concealed disease (from Wilson to Reagan, not forgetting FDR and JFK), once the lie is revealed (Nixon, Clinton, Bush Jr.), allow us to question the presidential sacralization from another angle. The 2016 presidential election offers great insights for these issues. And yes, we'll study Trump's body. Required reading : Michael ROGIN, Ronald Reagan, the Movie and Other Episodes in Political Demonology, University of California Press, 479