Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
La naissance du système industriel hollywoodien ; Le classicisme hollywoodien : l'exemple du peplum ; Le western, entre épique et romanesque ; Du ﬁlm noir au cinéma d'action ; Le Nouvel Hollywood ; Les enjeux idéologiques des ﬁlms terriﬁants ; La comédie romantique : une réception genrée ? ; Héros américains et superhéros hollywoodiens ; Le ﬁlm catastrophe – Hollywood et le 11 septembre ; Hollywood se moquant de Hollywood : l'exemple de Team America World Police. Lectures principales demandées : Laurent Aknin, Mythes & idéologie du cinéma américain, Paris, Vendémiraire, coll. "Echo", 2014.
THE IDEA OF EQUALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, FROM THOMAS PAINE TO THOMAS PIKETTY
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : to be deﬁned. Pedagogical format : Elective Course Description : Americans, at least since the Founding era, have cherished the idea of political equality. Alexis de Tocqueville believed that Americans' “passion for equality” was “ardent, insatiable, eternal, and invincible” and famously stated : “Nothing struck me more forcibly than the general equality of condition among the people”. Indeed, according to the Declaration of Independence, all citizens are supposed to be equal in terms of their rights and in terms of the consideration given to their interests before the government. But what about the non-citizens ? Where do slaves, Native-Americans, women and poor people ﬁt in this deﬁnition of equality ? The American paradox lies in such apparent contradiction. To understand the idea of equality in American society, this course will begin with an examination of its use in the mind of the Founders, tracing their view into subsequent developments in American history. 600
A primary goal of this course will therefore be to describe and understand how the tension between preserving freedom and promoting equality has shaped the course of American history. A closely related goal of this course will be to arrive at some understanding of what equality mean in America : its democracy has become more and more inclusive over time but does achieving equal rights mean achieving substantive equality ? Equality is an ideal as much as an idea. We will consider historical formulations of this ideal from the colonial era to our day, focusing on the American tradition of dissent which sought to expand its meaning, in relation to the questions of racial and gender equality. Through this semester, we will address equality as demanded by the abolitionist movement, the women's suffrage and the labor movements, the civil rights revolutionaries and through the debates revolving around Afﬁrmative Action policies. “Equality of opportunity”, “equality of outcome”, “equality of condition” as well as principles of “equality under the law”, “justice” and "fairness” will be analyzed and discussed in a historical perspective. A third, but by no means tertiary goal of the course is to explore how wealth inequality has come to epitomize the shortcomings of the egalitarian ideals proclaimed by the founders. It has been boldly argued in recent scholarship that, in terms of income inequality, the American colonies were exceptionally egalitarian, compared to both other nations at the time and the U.S. today. Why is it then that, as early as 1776, in his pamphlet “Common Sense", Thomas Paine asserted the need for economic equality so that the poor could access to political power ? Indeed, in his wake, many grassroots movements have stressed the need for “equality of condition”. Populism, the social movements of the progressive era and the New Deal have challenged the assumption of a classless society in which the “rags to riches” narrative proved true. This course will explore how, long before French economist Thomas Piketty's smashing editorial success with Capital in the 21st Century, the unfairness and unequal outcome of capitalism have been castigated.We'll end up discussing new paths toward tr