Le Grand Syllabus 2016/2017
tion policy, and what do the differences in these approaches reveal about the social histories and futures of these states ? This introductory course will explore the motivations behind migration, the experiences of people who migrate, and the responses of state agencies in managing the changing face of their population. By drawing on conceptual texts and recent research in the social sciences (primarily anthropology, sociology, and geography), journalism, and ﬁlm in different geographic contexts, this course will consider how contemporary issues in migration, such as negotiating identities, policing borders, trafﬁcking, and providing care raise and reopen debates concerning the management of difference. Required reading : French, Howard 2014 China's Second Continent : How a Million Migrants are Building a New Empire in Africa New York : Knopf.
young, African American and Latino American men living in neighborhoods of concentrated disadvantage. Although there is scholarly consensus about how to deﬁne mass incarceration, there is some level of disagreement over its causes and consequences. Some say it deters and incapacitates ; others say that it weakens poor families, keeping them socially marginalized. While some have advanced a functionalist argument as to the causes of mass imprisonment, suggesting that it is the fourth “peculiar institution” for the control of African Americans (following slavery, Jim Crow laws, and the ghetto) others have argued that a combination of cultural shifts, political realignments, changes in job prospects for low-skilled men, and perhaps most importantly, legal changes have driven the dramatic increase and absolute disparity in rates of imprisonment over the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The texts and documents studied in this course consider both the consequences of imprisonment for minorities in nations with lower overall rates of incarceration (most notably the United Kingdom and France), and the current situation in the United States, where the incarceration rate was the highest in the world in October 2013. By this comparison, we will draw a comprehensive understanding of the history of prisons in the United States and Europe through texts in social science as well as literary, visual and historical accounts of prison development and penal practices. As it is difﬁcult to fully understand the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms without thinking on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability, this course will ultimately encompass these intersections. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
MINORITIES AND IMPRISONMENT IN THE U.S. AND EUROPE : RACE, GENDER AND RELIGION IN THE CARCERAL STATE
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Kalinka COURTOIS (PHD student). Pedagogical format : Seminar Course Description : Prisons in the United States and Western European nations have a rich history, with the use of conﬁnement as a form of punishment dating back to medieval times. Throughout the centuries, a shift resulted in corporal punishment methods being abandoned and replaced with incarceration. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the conﬁnement of criminals inprisons expanded across the United States and Europe. As the use of prisons as punishment became common practice, penal innovations throughout continental Europe inﬂuenced the development of competing prison discipline systems in the United States. The phenomenon of mass incarceration, also called mass imprisonment, the prison boom, the carceral state, or the “prison industrial complex” (Angela Davis), refers to the current American experiment in incarceration, which is deﬁned by comparatively and historically extreme rates of imprisonment and by the concentration of imprisonment among 654
Semestre : Printemps Nombre d'heures : 24 Langue d'enseignement : français
Enseignants : à déﬁnir. Format p