Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
the alternative security options of nation states : do they have to rely on self-help for their survival ad defence, or is it preferable to work together and to treat security as a common rather than a private good ? Either concept is prominently visible in current international politics. The course focuses on the second alternative, security cooperation. It starts with deﬁning security and the security problems in the current world ; the two main chief strategies, self-help and cooperation, are delineated. We will then look in detail into various types of security cooperation, each time discussing the concept and investigating real-world examples where the concept has been applied in practice. The course is conceptualised as a combination of lecture and discussion ; thus, each session will be divided in two parts. The course will be held in English language. Sufﬁcient proﬁciency in English is required. Required reading : Steinbruner (J.), Principles of Global Security, Washington, Brookings, 2000 ; Security Cooperation, in : International Encyclopedia of Political Science, SAGE Publications, 9 November 2011 ; http ://www.sage-ereference. com/abstract/intlpoliticalscience/n548.xml ; Müller (H.), "Security Cooperation", in Carlsnaes (W.), Risse (T.) et Simmons (B.A.) (eds.), Handbook of International Relations, Second Edition, Los Angeles et al., Sage, p. 607-634.
Course Description : Africa in 4 ﬁgures : 54 countries covering a space larger than the US, China, India and Europe combined. Africa today has a GDP reaching in 2015 USD 2,250 billion equivalent to the size of the Italian economy ; Africa tomorrow, this will be additional USD 407 billion in terms of goods consumption by 2020 ; Africa in longer term, this would be the largest working force in the world in 2035. Africa has a dual face : promising and risky. Africa is one of the most dynamic region in the world with Asia with an average growth rate of 5% between 2005 and 2014, even 6% excluding South Africa. 10 out of the 20 most dynamic countries in the world are currently located in Africa. The potential demographic dividend is huge, extreme poverty declined and an African middle class is growing. In parallel, the context has changed since 2014 and macroeconomic challenges are growing. Fiscal deﬁcits have increased in many countries causing some debt sustainability concerns. Finally, a growth more inclusive is crucial to reduce inequalities and to make it more sustainable in the long run. Such a large continent hides huge disparities. The development of Africa was very dependent on concessional resources but the paradigm of aid has changed. A global understanding of technical terms will be provided to explain how concessional lending terms are calculated and how those terms have been driving the development agenda for more than 20 years. While concessional resources are necessary, they are largely unsufﬁcient to ﬁnance the huge needs of the continent. They call for innovative ﬁnancing and instruments to attract investors with right risk mitigation approaches. In parallel, more countries have an access to capital markets but mid-term predictability remains uncertain. Finally, a special business outlook will be provided. While historical major multinationals in particular European ones still occupy strong positions, new comers – especially China, Brazil, India, Turkey, are more and more visible. Simultaneously, new African companies have emerged like the family Group of Aliko Dangote. More and more African companies are willing to embody the new face of Africa. Required reading : Ernst & Young Africa Attractiveness Survey 2015 (http ://www.ey.com/ZA/ en/Issues/Business-environment/EY-africa-
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Benoît CHERVALIER (Président, One2ﬁve advisory). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : The assessment of the course will be based on three components : - A presentation by students on speciﬁc items and or