Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
presentations and critical analysis of papers by students, and group work. Course Description : While the food price crises of 2007-2008 have pushed food security at the highest level of the global agenda, it had already been an issue of international coordination for at least 40 years. But Food Security had also been for a much longer period a very central issue for most national states, at the heart of both their legitimacy and their capacity to control the population. Ensuring food security, particularly by controlling agricultural production, has been essentially an issue of national sovereignty. Claims of “food sovereignty” by many civil society organisations also insist on food security being ﬁrst and foremost a local or national issue. This course seeks to explore this apparently paradoxical situation by analysing how food security issues are addressed in this “two level games”, between national governments and global governance institutions. Through the successive analysis of domestic food and agriculture policies, the various channels through which they are actually inter-related and the history of international institutions dedicated to the governance of food and agriculture issues, the course wishes to make two main points. On the one hand, it shows that the way international institutions frame current debates on food security is deeply rooted in their long history ; this path dependence explains the focus put on agricultural production rather than on other dimensions of food security. On the other hand, it seeks to demonstrate that, in the different streams of international negotiations concerned with food security, locally speciﬁc solutions should generally be explored ﬁrst, even if they can highly beneﬁt from institutional arrangements and cooperation at broader levels. Objective of the course : the course aims at giving key elements of comprehension of global issues concerning food and agriculture, and to present the reasons why agriculture and food are an object of public policy at the national or regional scale, and to what extent there is a need for a global regulation. It particularly aims at presenting main ﬁelds of controversy on food security and agricultural development, from research priority setting to supply chain transformations, through trade and development, or food sovereignty.
Required reading : Beverly McIntyre et al. (ed.) (2009) “Agriculture at a crossroads” , International assessment of agricultural knowledge, science and technology for development (IAASTD) – Global report (http ://www.agassessment.org/index.cfm ?Page=IAASTD%20 Reports&ItemID=2713) ; World Development Report 2008 “Agriculture for development”, World Bank. (http ://siteresources.worldbank.org/ INTWDR2008/Resources/WDR_00_book.pdf ) ; Eve Fouilleux (2003) “La Politique Agricole Commune et ses réformes : Une politique européenne à l'épreuve de la globalisation”, L'Harmattan ; Marcel Mazoyer, Laurence Roudart (2002) “Histoire des agricultures du monde : Du néolithique à la crise contemporaine”, Seuil ; Nora McKeon (2011) Global Governance for World Food Security : A Scorecard Four Years After the Eruption of the “Food Crisis”, Heinrich Böll Stiftung, Berlin, 26 pp.
AMERICAN MILITARY POWER IN THE WORLD TODAY
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Peter HERRLY (Attaché de défense, US Army). Prerequisite : Aucun Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : Class participation is an important element. Students will also present the ﬁndings of a personal research effort to their classmates in a brief oral presentation with a concise written summary. These can be done individually or in groups of two. The course will include short practical exercises and a “war game” which has proven productive and rewarding in previous courses. Workload : Readings are kept deliberately short and provocative. Pedagogical Method : Having d