Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
ments, references, examples, writing skills, spelling, critical. Participation (4 points) : - Proactive ; - Punctual ; - Present. Workload : Read 1-2 texts / week. 1 written essay. Pedagogical Method : Ad hoc basis, depending on sessions : - Lecture ; - Presentations ; - Discussions ; - Article review. Course Description : This seminar aims at providing students with a general understanding of key biodiversity issues and policy implementation, from local level action to international governance, with speciﬁc attention (in terms of instruments) to economic instruments, economic analysis, international regulation, and also (in terms of ﬁeld) oceans governance and management. Its objectives are : - Providing a 360° outlook of the dominating ideas and opinions in the ﬁeld ; - Providing a basic knowledge of instruments and techniques involved in policy-making assessment, evaluation and economic valuation ; - Allowing personal and well-informed opinions with respect to the main concepts used by research and policy communities. More speciﬁcally, the seminar will deal with how the biodiversity issue can be framed (in comparison to climate change), with its international governance system (institutions, norms, stakeholders), its policy instruments, its valuation instruments, as well as with the main controversies that generate debate within the conservation community. The seminar will also provide a critical overview of public policies, strategies and instruments that contribute to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity at the national and sub-national level. Practical case studies and examples will be illustrated and studied. Required reading : A minimum of one text, 5 maximum, which will be available in the course reader, provided by teachers, cf. website.
BIOSTATISTICS & EPIDEMIOLOGY
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Clément LAZARUS (technical advisor, Ministry of Health, France). Prerequisite : As this is an introductive lecture, there is no indispensable prerequisite. Nevertheless, basic knowledge in Probability and Statistics would be an asset for the understanding of the concepts introduced along the course. Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : At the ﬁrst lecture, students will have to choose in a list of proposition a topic to address in group presentations during the ﬁrst part of the course. Each student will also have to choose a scientiﬁc article and write a short essay on their critical reading of the article. Participation will account for 10% of the ﬁnal note. Workload : The bibliography of the next session will be given to the student at the end of the previous lecture. Pedagogical Method : Each lecture will start with a group presentation from the students. Sessions will continue as regular courses. Participation will be encouraged through discussions on methodological problems raised by concrete examples from the ﬁeld of Global Health. Course Description : In this course, students will be ﬁrst given an overview of methods and statistical tools routinely used in epidemiology, emphasizing interpretation and concepts rather than calculation. Key notions will be introduced through practical examples from various real-life situations linked to Global Health problems. In a second part, students will focus on key issues of critical reading of scientiﬁc articles and develop abilities to assess the quality and robustness of scientiﬁc articles in the ﬁeld of epidemiology and Global Health. Methods to evaluate study designs, methods for data collection and analysis and reporting of results will be presented. Required reading : Ancelle (Thierry), Statistique, Epidémiologie, Paris, Maloine, 2011. 1085