Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
Course Description : India will be used as a test case for the theories of democracy - which do not seem apt to account for the birth and development of « the world's largest democracy ». Indeed, India's records are unique : no other country with such a low per capita GDP has succeeded in maintaining such a resilient democratic regime for so long. This achievement is largely due to the British inﬂuence during the colonial era, but it also stems from speciﬁc societal and political characters which have to be examined in a perspective of long durée. The quality of the Indian democracy needs to be scrutinized though. It has been very conservative for decades and even authoritarian under Indira Gandhi. Things changed in the 1990s which were a milestone because of the rise of the lower castes, a form of silent revolution. Since the 1990s, the political system is also much more decentralized and bi-polarized around two coalitions which make alternation in power a routinized exercise. Today, India's democracy is affected by several developments : the rise of Hindu nationalism results in ethno-religious conﬂicts and in the marginalisation of Christians and Muslims ; Islamism is .growth is signiﬁcantly unbalanced : the urban middle class is getting richer and richer (but lose interest and conﬁdence in democracy) while the peasants are losing ground and tend to turn to the maoist revolutionaries in the poorest parts of the country ; last but not least, the rule of law has been put on trial, not only because of corruption, but also because of the criminialisation of politics. In comparison to Pakistan, the Indian regime remains much more democratic though, and these diverging trajectories of two countries stemming from the same colonial matrix needs to be explained. Required reading : Brass, P., The Politics of India since Independence, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990 ; Frankel, F., India's Political Economy, 1947-1977, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1978 ; C. Jaffrelot (ed.), India Since 1950, New Delhi, Foundation Books, 2011 ; Kohli, A. (ed.), The success of India's democracy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001 ; Rudolph, Lloyd et Susanne Hoeber, In Pursuit of Lakshmi : The Political Economy of the Indian State, Hyderabad, Orient Longman, 1987. 1180
DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS : HOW TO MAKE DEMOCRACY WORK ?
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Opened to the exchange program
Teachers : Patrick LE BIHAN (Assistant Professor in Tenure Track). Prerequisite : None. Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : To validate the course, students are expected to write a response paper (no more than 1500 words) on one of the required readings (20%), to give a short presentation in class (30%) and to write an essay (no more than 4000 words) on the topic of the presentation (40%). Class participation will make up the remaining 10% of the course grade. Workload : A detailed syllabus will be provided during the introductory session. For each topic, there will be some required reading, as well as some optional reading. Pedagogical Method : Elective course (24hrs) Course Description : This course will ask which institutions can make democracy work. Do certain electoral rules better represent the preferences of the citizens than others ? Do elections help ﬁght corruption ? Can deliberation and voting identify morally correct decisions ? Can democratic institutions help reduce the power of special interests ? How important are independent media for the functioning of democracy ? Are institutions of direct democracy superior to institutions of representative democracy ? Do institutions of democracy improve satisfaction with collective decision-making independently of the policies chosen ? We will approach these and further questions looking at the theoretical and empirical literature from political science and economics. There is no prerequisite for this course as everything will be developed as needed in class but we will at