Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
impacts of business projects on development. The students will be coached to design a strategic plan for a developing country with a market-driven approach, and to enhance the development externalities of business projects. Required reading : Malcolm Gillis, Dwight Perkins, Steven Radlet, Micheal Roemer, Donald Snodgrass, "Economics of Development" (5th ed.), W W Norton & Co, 2011 ; Jacques Brasseul, Cécile Lavrard-Meyer, Économie du développement - Les enjeux d'un développement à visage humain (4è éd.), collection U, Armand Collin, 2016.
Workload : This course will simultaneously build on theory, scientiﬁc articles and empirical case studies. For each session, students will be asked to read one or two scientiﬁc articles (theory or case-study) ; a short oral presentation will also be required (see 'grading & assessment' above). Pedagogical Method : This lecture course will simultaneously build on economic theory and scientiﬁc articles, always illustrated by empirical case-studies (from grey or scientiﬁc literature). PowerPoint presentations and short videos (when possible) will be displayed for illustrating the class. Scientiﬁc articles will be read and discussed. Course Description : Building on theory (political economy, new institutionalism with Nobel prize laureates Elinor Ostrom and Oliver E. Williamson) as well as empirical examples (case studies), this course aims at providing students with an understanding of local conﬂicts over land and common natural resources (ﬁsheries, pastures, forests, wildlife, water, etc.) and the possible institutional mechanisms which potentially lead to sustainable resource management, development and poverty alleviation at the local level. Most rural actors use natural resources (NR) in order generate revenues (create a rent) and sustain their family's livelihoods (session 1 : introduction). As a result, when analysing the link between rural development, rural poverty alleviation and conservation of natural resources, one needs to precisely understand the whole process that goes from the use (extraction/harvesting) of natural resources to the actual generation and distribution of the associated income. We call this process the 'resources-activitiesactors-revenues' sequence (session 2) : ﬁrst, rural areas are endowed with various natural assets such as arable lands, forests, ﬁshing grounds, grazing lands, wildlife and valuable landscapes ; second, economic activities in rural areas are production processes that make use of those natural resources. Those activities are : agriculture (subsistence and/ or cash crops), ﬁshing, collecting timber and nontimber forest products, stock farming and rearing, subsistence and commercial hunting, trophy sport hunting (consumptive tourism), non-consumptive (photographic) tourism, etc. ; third, different types of actors compete or cooperate to operate those activities. Those groups are : local communities, the public sector with government agencies and 1187
DEVELOPMENT AND COMMON POOL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Opened to the exchange program
Teachers : Renaud LAPEYRE (Research Fellow (PhD)). Prerequisite : No speciﬁc pre-requisites are necessary for this course. Please note however that some very basic knowledge in economics and environment would be preferable so as to better understand concepts of actors' strategies, property rights and institutions as well as sustainable development. This course does not however require any background in mathematics and/or econometrics. Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : Grading of students will be undertaken based on : - A collective oral presentation (15 mn max) (groups of 3 to max 4 students) on subjects and empirical case studies proposed by the students (with support by the professor) and related to speciﬁc sessions of the course (e.g. the CAMPFIRE project in Zimbabwe, ﬁsheries in Madagascar,