Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
Pedagogical Method : The class will articulate lectures on the fundamentals of infrastructure's management, sectors' speciﬁcities and policy issues and a collective discussion will follow the weekly presentation of cases studies by one or two students Course Description : Urban infrastructures are key to the social and economic development of large metropolis. They are at the core of local, national and international strategies aiming to widen access to urban services, to improve health and social inclusion, as well as economic performance. Demographic and spatial growth, widespread poverty combined with the rise of upper and middle classes are leading to increasing pressures on supply and the environment. New business models have to coexist with the need for strong public commitment. The goal of the class is to provide the basic elements to understand the technical and policy challenges the management of infrastructure is facing, sector by sector (water, energy, sanitation and waste management) and as a whole. The geographical perspective will articulate an analysis of the governance of urban infrastructure with a wider look at the urban political ecology of the metropolis. Required reading : COUTARD, O., RUTHERFORD, J. (ed.), 2016, Beyond the networked city : infrastructure reconﬁgurations and urban change in the North and South, London etc., Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande du Nord, Routledge ; GRAHAM, S. (ed.), 2010, Disrupted cities : when infrastructure fails, New York ; London, Routledge ; MCDONALD, D. A., RUITERS, G. (ed.), 2012, Alternatives to Privatization : Public Options for Essential Services in the Global South, Routledge ; LORRAIN, D., 2014, Governing Megacities in Emerging Countries, Farnham, Ashgate ; LORRAIN, D., POUPEAU, F. (ed.), 2016, Water regimes : beyond the public and private sector debate, Abingdon (UK), Routledge.
Teachers : Philippe COPINSCHI (Freelance Consultant in the ﬁeld of Energy). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : Each group (composed of two students) is required to prepare a paper (about 5 pages + annexes) on a case study to be deﬁned in discussion with the teacher. When relevant, the annexes will include a summary of the energy situation (reserves, production, consumption, etc.) and the evolution of the country studied, as well as a brief presentation of the actors and of the main issues and stakes. The paper is to be handed in on the day before the relevant session, and to be presented to the class (duration : 20 min) with a complete Powerpoint presentation (including maps, charts, diagrams, pictures, videos, etc.). The evaluation will be based on the paper, the presentation, a ﬁnal exam (to be deﬁned) and the participation. Course Description : In the past twenty years Africa has acquired a core position in global oil and gas geopolitics. This new position is the result of two developments : 1. the technological progress that allowed the discovery of huge offshore oil and gas reserves in the Gulf of Guinea and, more recently, offshore East Africa ; 2. the end of the Cold War, which led to the dissolution of post-colonial zones of inﬂuence and to the liberalisation of national extractive sectors in Africa. The African continent is one of the most open regions in the world to foreign investment. As a consequence, Africa has become key to the energy supply policy of great powers (especially the U.S. and China), and a major ﬁeld for competition between international oil companies. However, Africa suffers dramatically from the effects of poor oil rent management that has led to the political and economic downfall of producing countries. The "resource curse" affects the majority of African oil (and uranium) producing countries. The ongoing political and social instability in these countries directly affects multinational companies, which are faced with growing security risks as well as increasing pressure from civil society groups for more