Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
evolved over time. Their present position and the challenges they are confronted to is of course part of this discussion. The last part of the course will consider trends and prospects that develop beyond those the big, wellestablished international organizations. Three main themes will be covered at this point : sovereign debt and the interrelations between private markets and national governments ; trade policies and the “non-tariff” issues such as intellectual property or anti-trust ; lastly the role of private regulation, such as commercial arbitration. Required reading : Allen, Robert C. 2011 Global Economic History, a Very Short Introduction. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 170 p ; Alter, Karen 2008 Agents or Trustees ? International Courts in their Political Context. European Journal of International Relations. 14 (1), pp. 33-63 ; Barnett, M., and M. Finnemor. 2004 Rules for the World : International Organizations in Global Politics, Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press ; Bordo, Michael, and Barry Eichengreen 1993 A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press/NBER. 673 p ; Boughton, John 2001 Silent Revolution, the International Monetary Fund 1979-1989. Washington, DC : IMF.
course). Most of the discussions will take case studies as a departure point. We will not remain at the level of abstract and general debate. Course Description : Should States use trade policies to encourage compliance with labor rights or environmental standards ? Should they rely on public procurement to "buy social justice" through ethical sourcing ? Should international investment law integrate human rights concerns ? Should development cooperation be made conditional upon compliance with certain universally accepted standards of good governance or human rights ? How do global development goals help unify different international regimes ? These are some of the questions this new course will examine. The course will focus on the question of coexistence of different regimes in global governance -- including climate change, trade, investment, development cooperation and human rights. At present, each of these regimes is shaped in speciﬁc fora, with speciﬁc constellations of actors, rules, and dispute settlement mechanisms, and with speciﬁc sets of incentives (including, but not limited to, "sanctions" to ensure compliance). This results in what lawyers call the fragmentation of international law, or what political scientists refer to as sectorialized global governance. It also results in a mismatch between incentives (such as those resulting from specialization through trade, from the need to attract investment or from aid policies), on the one hand, and the objectives of human development, on the other hand. The course will review these different regimes, with a focus on whether, and how, each of these regimes is aligned with other regimes with which it coexists. It will reﬂect on the respective advantages and disadvantages of either the sectorialization of international policies (including the beneﬁts of "depoliticization" that may result from trusting international bureaucracies with the management of certain global public goods), or instead, of the establishment of stronger linkages between regimes in order to improve the coherence of global governance. It will ask whether the different regimes that coexist in global governance involve a certain measure of success, or a "culture" shared across its participants, that facilitate, or instead discourage, such linkages. It will study whether such linkages may be established in the design of rules, in their
GLOBAL GOVERNANCE : OVERCOMING FRAGMENTATION
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Aurelien BOUAYAD (Teaching assistant), Olivier DE SCHUTTER (Professor, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : Class participation (30%) ; - Class presentations (40%) ; - Submission of a reform propos