Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
Teachers : Karl BLANCHET (Lecturer). Prerequisite : Neither medical nor pharmaceutical pre-requisites. A good understanding of English is required. Internet search as well as MSWord and Excel will be extensively used. Pedagogical Format : Lecture alone Course validation : The participation of the students to the case studies will be evaluated, as well as their overall involvement in the seminar. Each small group will need to produce at the end of the seminar a paper (25 pages) as well as a power point presentation, which will describe the recommended humanitarian intervention. Workload : The course will require extensive reading of scientiﬁc articles as well as policy papers. Pedagogical Method : The course will be organized by health systems building block. The main concepts and examples will be presented during lectures and will be followed by group work (analysis of a concrete case study). Course Description : A health system is there prior to a humanitarian crisis (natural disaster or armed conﬂict), during a crisis and continues after a crisis. Much of the internationallyaccepted humanitarian guidance highlights the need for responses to humanitarian crises to build on local capacity and work with government and local authorities. There has also been increasing thought that humanitarian crises provide an opportunity to strengthening health systems so that they are stronger following a crisis. However, what is a health system ? And what is not a health system ? How to assess it ? And how humanitarian crises affect local health systems ? Through the analysis of current evidence and concrete case studies, the course participants will develop a humanitarian intervention adapted to respond to an emergency crisis. The primary purpose of this course is to familiarise participants with a health systems approach to humanitarian crises, through using practical interactive examples and case studies. Learning objectives : To review the various concepts related to health systems and the six building blocks of the WHO framework. To review existing evidence on humanitarian interventions.
To understand the guideline on health systems assessment. To explore the main characteristics of humanitarian interventions in low income countries (facility-based, outreach, community based activities, horizontal versus vertical). To understand the main health systems-related challenges of international health in various areas : ﬁnancing, human resources, health information system, governance, service delivery, and technology. To determine the need for and how to set up a humanitarian programme based on the analysis of the capacities of a local eye health system. Required reading : Palmer Natasha, Sondorp Egbert, Ter Veen AnneMarie, 2012, Conﬂict and Health, Open University Press ; Don de Savigny, Adam Taghreed, Systems thinking, WHO : http ://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241563895_eng.pdf ; Karl Blanchet, Boris Martin, 2011, Many Reasons to Intervene French and British Approaches to Humanitarian Action, Oxford University Press.
HEALTH : A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Opened to the exchange program
Teachers : Louis-Charles VIOSSAT (High civil servant, social affairs). Prerequisite : None. Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : A short written policy paper (4-5 pages in Calibri 12pt interline 1.5) on a global health issue (for instance, should the World Bank set up a dedicated fund on Ebola ?), taking the viewpoint of a speciﬁc stakeholder in a particular policy situation (for instance, the staff of a development minister going to the Board of the World Bank on Ebola in West Africa). The topic is to be agreed upon between end September and mid-October and the policy paper is due before December 2. The paper may be collectively written by a group of 2 max. 60%. A 30' questionnaire (10-15 questions), delivered in October, on the themes covered by th