Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
policies which threatened Britain's control of sea trade and, ultimately, her empire. Churchill continued : "However foolish and disastrous such a war would be, we do not wish to put ourselves in the power of the United States. We cannot tell what they might do if at some future date they were in a position to give us orders about our policy, say, in India, or Egypt or Canada, or on any other great matter behind which their electioneering forces were marshalled." (David Dimbleby and David Reynolds, An Ocean Apart : The Relationship Between Britain and America in the Twentieth Century, (London : BBC Books, Hodder and Stoughton, 1988), 78-79 p.) Required reading : to be deﬁned.
traditional working class employment in coalmining, steel and ship building and car manufacturing began to disappear. A disaffected working class could be persuaded by unscrupulous politicians that unemployment was a direct result of immigration and racial conﬂicts began to mark the political scene during the 1980s and '90s. Our period ends as it began with a landslide victory for the Labour Party. The dynamic young leader, Tony Blair, had claimed the Party as his own, unofﬁcially re-naming it "New Labour". But what kind of Labour Party was it ? And what would Blair's legacy be ? Could he possibly compete with Clement Attlee whose social vision for the future remained one of the key elements of British society as the new millennium dawned ? Required reading : to be deﬁned.
BRITISH SOCIAL & POLITICAL HISTORY 1945 TO THE PRESENT DAY
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
BRITISHNESS AND WOMANHOOD
Teachers : Adrian PARK (Maitre de conférences). Pedagogical Format : Elective Course Description : The post-war period in British history saw the development of a modern political state which regarded the well-being of its citizens as one of its prime responsibilities. Hence the growth of the welfare state with care of the population "from cradle to grave" as its principal slogan. The introduction of the welfare state came about as a result of the surprising victory of the Labour Party in the 1945 election. And the popularity of the new National Health Service guaranteed a cross-party consensus on this issue for the rest of the century. However, successive governments found it increasingly difﬁcult to fund the welfare state during periods of high unemployment and low economic production rates towards the end of the century. Britain also saw the birth of a teenage culture during the 1950s and '60s inspired ﬁrst by the rebellious sounds of Bill Haley and Elvis Presley from "across the pond" but quickly followed by indigenous musicians such as Cliff Richard, The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. A liberalising of society also occurred with the legalisation of homosexuality, abortion, relaxed divorce laws and the abolition of the death penalty. But internal tensions existed as job opportunities were reduced and
Teachers : Laurence CHAMLOU (Maitre de conférences). Pedagogical Format : Elective Course Description : Since the XVIIIth century, British women have emerged in British literature and among them, the Brontë sisters have played a major part. This course offers a comparative study of Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Brontë (18161855) and Wild Saragasso Sea by Jean Rhys (1890-1979) - a novel that was directly inspired by a feminine character in Jane Eyre. The course will be based on comparative studies of extracts and it will discuss the complex images of women in British literature. The last four courses will be devoted to movies adapted from the two novels. Required reading : Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Brontë, Wild Saragasso Sea by Jean Rhys.
BUSINESS AND TRADE IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English