Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
because of elective afﬁnities, but also in order to ﬁght the Soviets in Afghanistan and India in Kashmir. However, parallel to islamism, sectarianism developed in the 1980s after Shias received support from Khomeini's Iran and the Sunnis help from Saudi Arabia — and Zia. Last but not least, Pakistan is at the crossraods on the international scene. Few countries are so largely depending upon foreign support : not only Pakistan's politics is overdetermined by the Indian factor, but Islamabad is traditionally an American ally, with Washington exerting some inﬂuence over the country through its aid policy. However, the Pakistan-US relations are less stable than thosee between Pakistan and China and Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, a country whose strategy in the region is a cause for concern on the India in India and the US. Required reading : Ahmed, Feroz, Ethnicity and Politics in Pakistan, Karachi, Oxford University Press, 1998 ; Cohen, Stephen P., The Pakistan Army, Karachi, Oxford University Press, 1998 ; Cohen, Stephen P., The Idea of Pakistan, Lahore, Vanguard Books, 2005 ; Hardy, Peter, The Muslims of British India, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1972 ; Hasan, Mushirul, Communal and Pan-Islamic Ttrends in Colonial India, Delhi, Manohar, 1985.
3. 2500-3000 words essay/term-paper on a relevant topic to be discussed with and accepted by the course lecturer (70%). Workload : Attendance to the sessions of the seminar is compulsory. Students are required to read the compulsory texts, and watch the documentaries when assigned, before each session. Course Description : The Palestinian-Israeli conﬂict is one of the most contested issues in the world. The war of narratives, particularly related to the 1948 and 1967 Wars, is a dominant feature of this conﬂict. The power asymmetry between the Palestinians and the Israelis resulted in a securitized peace process that failed over the last few decades to deliver a just and lasting peace. This course will tackle, in its sessions, multiple political, social, economic, security, and developmental issues related to this conﬂict. It aims to equip the students with an overall knowledge about the conﬂict dynamics and trajectories, and to introduce them to the different academic debates and schools of thought. This course will tackle in depth two of the most important deﬁning moments of the conﬂict, namely the 1948 and 1967 Wars. Tackling these wars is key not only to analyse the past, but also to understand the present and future. The ﬁrst Intifada and the 1993 Oslo Peace Accords constitute other important deﬁning moments that shaped the dynamics of the conﬂict. As a consequence of the Oslo Peace Accords, the Palestinian Authority was created. The politics of the Palestinian Authority and the intra-Palestinian politics are issues to be tackled in this course. In addition, and in the aftermath of the decade long divide between Fatah and Hamas, the course will tackle issues related to Gaza, Hamas, and the associated regional dynamics. It will also tackle Israel from within to look at political, Social, security, and regional dynamics. In the second half of the course, we will tackle issued related to governance reform and state building, as well as the role of regional and global actors in the conﬂict. In particular, this course will address the politics of international aid to the Palestinians, the dynamics of the aid industry, and the political economy of the (de)-development processes. This course will also problematize the Palestinian Authority's state-building project (particularly over the last decade) and the security sector reform in the West Bank to deconstruct 1585
PALESTINE-ISRAEL : COMPETING NARRATIVES, CONTENTIOUS POLITICS, AND SECURITIZED PEACE
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Alaa TARTIR (Research Associate). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : The evaluation will be based on thr