Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
QUESTION OF MINORITY, THE TURKISH CASE IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE (THE)
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
to a transnational solidarity, sometimes transnational conﬂict, or to a diaspora either because of the dispersion of former Millets of the Ottoman Empire et/or the importance of Turkish migration in Europe. Thus the seminar will highlight conceptual, methodological and contextual approaches to the study of the “question of minority”. Through the readings the seminar will discuss policies and approaches with regard to the question of minority in Turkey and compare with : -the emergence of the concept in different contexts ; -the national and international dynamics with regard to its adaptation ; -political, institutional, and juridical accommodation by states ; -the emerging international and supranational norms in the change of the deﬁnition ; -conﬂicts and new dynamics in the relations between states and minorities. Required reading : Ph. Gleason ; Minorities (Almost) All.The minority concept in American Social Thought, in American Quarterly, Vol. 43, no. 3 (sept 1991), pp. 392-424 ; D. Wilkinson ; Rethinking the Concept of Minority : A Task for Social Scientists and Practitioners, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, march 2000, vol XXVII, no.1, pp.115-132 ; Ph. V. Ramaga, Relativity of the Minority Concept, Human Rights Quarterly, 14(1992), pp.104-119.
Teachers : Riva KASTORYANO (Directrice de recherche au CERI, Sciences Po). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : The seminar will be based : - on discussions of the readings ; - on participation and oral presentation of your work ; - a ﬁnal paper will be required on a topic of your choice related to the seminar. Course Description : The question of minority leads to a conceptual confusion. Who is a minority ? An ethno-linguistic territorial group like the Kurds in Turkey, or non-territorial ethnic groups who claim recognition like the migrants in Western societies, or any diaspora based on a common religion, ethnicity or socio-cultural identity ? The deﬁnition offered by the Human Rights Convention is very broad : “the term ‘minority' refers to a group that is numerically inferior to the rest of the population and whose members are animated by the will to preserve their culture, traditions, religion or language.” In Europe the concept of minority has been developed by the European Convention in relation to the social, cultural and political realities of Central and Eastern Europe, after the Soviet Union has collapsed and the question of minority rights has been considered as a democratic requirement. On the other hand, since the 1980s, “politics of recognition” along with the concept of multiculturalism refers to a “democratic defence of cultural diversity within a universalistic perspective”, and is applied to settled migrants in western societies. Each state deﬁnes its own minorities. But the European Union introduces a normative view diffused by supranational institutions on member states and on candidate countries such as Turkey. In Turkey the question of minority is complex and theoretically challenging because of the regional setting that send each minority situation 1678
QUESTIONS D'ACTUALITE JURIDIQUE
Semestre : Printemps Nombre d'heures : 24 Langue d'enseignement : français
Enseignants : Rafael AMARO (Maître de conférences à l'Université Paris V). Format pédagogique : Séminaire Mode de validation : Contrôle continu : note de participation, assiduité. Charge de travail : Deux heures de lecture avant chaque séance. Méthode pédagogique : Un cours séminaire de 24 heures.