Écoles, masters et doctorats / Schools, Masters and Doctorates / Enseignements / Teachings
transmission of the hard sciences to social science students. Course Description : This series of twelve talks is unique in the world of social science institutions. It will introduce Sociophysics, a new emerging ﬁeld, which combines concepts and tools from the physics of disorder and collective phenomena to build models, which describe different aspects of people's social and political behavior. Initiated more than 35 years ago, Sociophysics has become a ﬂourishing ﬁeld of international research at the edge of the unknown. As the result of the development of Sociophysics, new, unexpected and disturbing light has been shed on free will, participative democracy, the spreading of minority opinion, unexpected and brutal societal breakdowns, controversies, the emergence of rumors, radicalization, terrorism, war and peace. Consequently, a number of fundamental views on policy-making are being called into question, which makes the invention of new democratic paradigms a must. The challenge of the course is threefold, adopting a different cognitive approach to social reality, understanding the language of mathematical modeling, and discovering the amazing power of the physicist-like methodology to capture parts of the social reality. It will be up to us to take on the challenge ! Required reading : S. Galam, «Sociophysics : A Physicist's Modeling of Psycho-political Phenomena », Springer (2012) ; S. Galam, « Stubbornness as an unfortunate key to win a public debate : an illustration from sociophysics », Mind and Society (2015) DOI 10.1007/s11299-015-0175-y ; S. Galam and M. A. Javarone, « Modeling Radicalization Phenomena in Heterogeneous Populations », PLoS ONE 11(5) : e0155407 (2016) ; T. Bouzdine-Chameeva and S. Galam, « Word-ofmouth versus experts and reputation in the individual dynamics of wine purchasing », Advances in Complex Systems 14 (2011) 871-885 ; S. Galam, « From 2000 Bush-Gore to 2006 Italian elections : voting at ﬁfty-ﬁfty and the contrarian effect », Quality and Quantity Journal 41 (2007) 579-589.
Teachers : Christophe JAFFRELOT (Research Director, CERI - Sciences Po), Stéphanie TAWA LAMA-REWAL (Research Fellow, CNRS). Prerequisite : None Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : 1. One ﬁnal paper, about 4000 words long (excluding tables and the bibliography) on a topic related to the subject of the course and approved by the instructors. The topics have to be submitted by early March. 2. Group presentations about one of the topics mentioned in the syllabus. The presentations, based on power points should not last more than 45 mn and should involve all the group members. Grading : a. 60% term paper. b. 20% participation. c. 20% group presentations. Pedagogical Method : 12 sessions of 2 hours. Course Description : South Asia is experiencing a rapid process of urbanization - which is accelerating since the turn of the XXIst century. It harbors some of the largest cities in the world. Karachi, Delhi, Bombay are amongst the largest metropolises of today and the “5 million plus” as well as the “1 million plus” cities are more and more numerous because of organic growth as well migration from the village. Besides, smaller towns develop too, so much so that it has become difﬁcult to distinguish urban peripheries from rural areas – hence the increasingly used notion of “rurbanisation”. This semester course is intended to offer a comparative approach to these issues on the basis of empirical case studies. Taught by two specialists of South Asia, this interdisciplinary course is conceived at the crossroads of history, sociology, geography, economics political science and international relations in order to offer an anthropology of the South Asian city. Required reading : Urvi Mukhopadhyay, « Deﬁning ‘Islamic' Urbanity : Through A Trans - Regional Frame », Asian Review of World Histories 3 :1 (January 2015), 113-135 ; Sunil Khilnani (1997) “Cities” in S. Khi