Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
tation, en sciences sociales, de techniques issues des “sciences des données” comme le machine learning ou les nouvelles approches automatisées du traitement de la langue (natural language processing). Ces recherches visent à enrichir le répertoire méthodologique des sciences sociales.
http://medialab.sciences-po.fr/ twitter: @medialab_ScPo The Sciences Po médialab is a research center dedicated to the analysis of digital worlds. Our societies ﬁnd themselves more and more deeply equipped with web-based technologies, which today constitute the basic infrastructure in the domains of information, work, social relations, the economy, and public policy. They are also transforming the scientiﬁc instruments that enable the production of knowledge. This reﬂexive dimension of the great digital transformation constitutes the raison d’être for the médialab: to create digital instruments so as to be able to explore societies that are themselves more and more ‘digitized’. The laboratory’s particularity lies in bringing social science researchers, developers and information designers into close collaboration. Its work takes the form of scholarly publications, but also websites for exploring digital datascapes, applications, workshops, and innovative learning tools. Its scholarly activities are organized along four main lines of research: 1. Auditing algorithms. How do we want to be calculated? Combining observation of usage, design experimentation with users, and sociological studies of calculated worlds, the studies undertaken in this area of research seek to devise a set of tools to cultivate, audit and explore alternatives to the dominant forms taken by algorithmic calculation. Positioning itself in the context of an international body of research on reverse engineering and the analysis of algorithmic effects, this project seeks to bring social science questioning to bear on the ways in which our societies are calculated. 2. Structure of digital public space Behind the often-held idea that information on the web represents an immense disorder, the médialab seeks to demonstrate that it is possible to isolate an architecture of digital public space, in order to study phenomena like the relations between social media and networks, the circulation of information, the conﬁguration of public debate, political mobilizations and legislative debates (as does the “La fabrique de la loi” project). The digital information universe is organized and structured into arenas, with an unequal distribution of visibility and logics of circulation speciﬁc to certain types of utterances. One dimension of this line of research focuses on the analysis of data generated by major cultural institutions and festivals. 3. Sociology of socio-technical controversies Over the last few decades, we have seen a proliferation of controversies linked to scientiﬁc and technical innovations developing in increasingly heterogeneous informational contexts. It is now essential to learn how to orient ourselves in these situations of uncertainty. Qualitative and digital survey methods offer reference points for exploring and mapping these controversies. On the pedagogical front, these links between science and society are explored by placing the students in the position of investigator. These courses contribute to the development of an active pedagogy with a research-based approach (the FORCCAST program).