Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
The course will touch upon a range of topics, events and modes of thought but will give particular attention to the concepts of evil, freedom and human nature and their relation to social and political order in modern thought. These concepts, it will be suggested, are all related and can serve as useful tools for understanding the ‘spirit' of modern thinking about politics. We will start by looking into the differences in the use and meaning of these concepts in modern political texts in comparison to ancient and scholastic traditions. We will then continue by analysing the variances among modern thinkers regarding the same ideas while taking into account the speciﬁc political debates and events they were responding to. The reading for the course will be challenging but rewarding. Students can expect to acquire substantial knowledge of major political ideas and debates in modern times which will allow them to continue into further learning of political ideas in more focused courses and seminars in later years. Each session in the course will address a different author/text which will be read in advance and discussed in class. Authors will include : Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Paine, Burke, De Maistre, Marx and more. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
Course Description : Since 1999 and the entry into force of the Amsterdam Treaty, the European Union (EU) has the competence to intervene in the ﬁeld of migratory policies (i.e. visa, asylum and migration policies) and it has adopted an impressive amount of legislation. Notwithstanding this somehow “positive” assessment, the road undertaken by EU institutions over the last 17 years hasn't been easy. Indeed, EU institutions have faced institutional as well as political obstacles. From an institutional perspective, the “communautarisation” of asylum and migration policies was accompanied with a series of derogations which aim was to safeguard Member States stranglehold : unanimity, limitation on Court's jurisdiction, joint initiative, etc. It took several years, until the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 to embed the migration domain into a normal institutional setting. From a political angle, the ﬁeld is dominated by an agenda which has led to the development of an imbalanced policy whereby issues related to border management and irregular migration have been strongly supported. On the contrary, legal migration issues, i.e. admission of third country nationals, is still considered as an issue remaining into the remit of Member States. Alongside, the asylum policy stands in the middle and has undergone quite a signiﬁcant development. Whether successful or not, the EU asylum and migration policy has been under strong focus since 2015 with the emergence of the so-called “refugee crisis”. Indeed, the signiﬁcant arrival of refugees and asylum seekers in the EU has revealed some weaknesses of the common rules and policies. Hence, Member States and EU institutions took steps to adapt EU's policy as well as the Schengen area to the situation. The lecture aims at covering the developments, evolutions and ongoing adaptation of EU's common policy in the ﬁeld of asylum and immigration. Required reading : BOELES P., DEN HEIJER M., LODDER G. and WOUTERS K., European Migration Law, Intersentia, Cambridge Antwerp, 2014 ; PEERS Steve, EU Justice and Home Affairs Law : Volume I : EU Immigration and Asylum Law, Oxford European Union Law Library, Fourth Edition, March 2016 ; HAILBRONNER Kay and THYM Daniel, EU Immigration and Asylum Law : A Commentary, C.H. 261
EVOLUTIONS AND ADAPTATIONS OF EU ASYLUM AND MIGRATION POLICIES
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Matthieu CHAVRIER (Legal adviser in the Council Legal Service, Council of the European Union), Yves PASCOUAU (Director of migration and mobility policies and Head of Programme "Migration and Diversity", European Policy Center, Brussels). Pedagogical Format :