Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
Teachers : Alexandre RIOS-BORDES (Attaché temporaire d'enseignement et de recherche). Pedagogical Format : Elective Course validation : The students will primarily be expected to give two collective presentations along the semester, one “weekly brieﬁng” and one “special brieﬁng”. The individual grade will also include class participation, as well as a very short ﬁnal exam. Course Description : A self-proclaimed democracy, committed by treaties and values to international organizations and to the principle of sovereignty, the United States cannot bluntly admit the organization of covert actions ; but as a world power, with interests spread around the globe, the United States is likely to resolve to alternative ways to guarantee their security, in the name of emergency and national security. To go beyond this paradox, this course will investigate the history of the covert actions carried out by the American government of the second part of the twentieth century. We will try and understand their function in foreign policy and their status within the state apparatus. We will analyze them in their international, institutional, and political contexts, while at the same giving special attention to the operational, practical, day-to-day aspects. What is a covert action ? Why and how is it decided ? Who are the people and agencies in charge ? What are the particular means and methods available to them ? How efﬁcient are they and what are their limits ? Is it possible to exercise some kind of effective control ? Such questions – and others – will be addressed through a historical investigation of the covert side of American foreign policy from the end of the Second World War to the “War on Terror”. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : To validate the course, the student is expected to pass the following assignments (at least three grades) : 1°) a 800-word mid-term outline of students' term paper, which is then reviewed with them (10%). 2°) 4,000-word essay (60%). 3°) Written exam (2 hours) (30%). Pedagogical Method : In this section, please specify the objectives of your class. At the end of the course, the student is expected to : 1°) Know more about the role of India in the world. 2°) Know more about the sources of information in this domain. 3°) Knowhow to present his views on the subject. Please specify the differents exercises and pedagogical formats you want to improve student's learning (lecture, debate, group work, workshop). Course Description : Half a century after Nehru's ﬂamboyant reign, India is back on the world stage. Nehru's immediate successors were forced to concentrate on their region, South Asia, home to so many wars between the 1960s and the 1980s, but since the 1990s, India is on its way to become a global power. While Nehru viewed the world from an international, rather idealistic perspective, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi saw it with a realistic eye, focusing on the region. Since the 1990s, India has been governed by leaders who have wanted to increase India's might – in particular from a military standpoint – and who, once more, have the means to conduct a global policy. They have opted to do so in a realistic fashion that appears to be at odds with Nehru's approach. This seemingly obvious contrast deserves to be studied more closely. The common thread running through the period, and going back before Nehru – reﬂects a basic continuity : the desire for a national independence that beﬁts a great country with a singular civilisation. Communists from the left and Hindi nationalists from the right ﬁnd themselves united today in condemning a nuclear agreement with the US that, from their standpoint, undermines national independence. But Manmohan Singh, who signed
INDIA AND THE WORLD
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 40 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Christophe JAFFRELOT (Research Director, CERI - Sciences Po), Gayatri RATHORE (PhD, Lecturer), Isabelle SAINTMEZAR