Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
Examen écrit d'une durée de trois heures sous la forme d'une dissertation pour l'examen ﬁnal (1/3 de la note ﬁnale). Descriptif du cours : Cet enseignement vise à présenter le cadre institutionnel et les modes de prise de décisions de l'Union européenne, en accordant une place déterminante au fonctionnement pratique des institutions et aux sujets d'actualité. Objectifs pédagogiques : 1°) Maîtriser le fonctionnement des institutions européennes. 2°) Pouvoir construire un argumentaire sur les grandes problématiques institutionnelles de l'UE. Lectures principales demandées : Nathalie BRACK, Olivier COSTA, Le Fonctionnement de l'Union européenne, Edition de l'Université de Bruxelles, coll. « UBlire – références », 2011.
debates) exercises. At the end of the course the student is expected to : 1° Understand the distribution of competences between the European Union (EU) and the Member States. 2° Master the speciﬁc powers of each EU institution and the principle of institutional balance. 3° Be able to demonstrate the role of the Court of Justice in the development of EU law as applied to Member States and to EU citizens. Course Description : The functioning of the European Union (EU) deﬁes all categories recognized by classical international law. From the point of view of the EU, this new form of integrated economic and political cooperation goes far beyond the characteristics of an international organization, creating a sui generis federation of States. On the contrary, the member States of the EU consider that in spite of an implicit supremacy clause within the founding treaties and the direct effect of much EU legislation, the EU remains a classically limited international organization, structured and regulated by an international treaty. The uncertainty as to the future of the organization, following the United Kingdom's vote to leave the EU, is tied to this ambiguity. The present course will analyze both of these pretentions, in order to determine the degree of autonomy and efﬁciency of the EU legal order. This independence will be demonstrated by analysis of the EU's institutional structure (Part 1), the powers of its institutions (Part 2), and its systemic interactions (Part 3). The ﬁrst four lectures will therefore cover the structure of the EU, presenting the history and evolution of its foundational treaties, the nature of the EU and its ensuing competences as exercised by unprecedented power sharing political institutions (the European Council, the Council, the Commission, the European Parliament, The European Court of Justice, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors) geared at striking a balance between pretentions of the member States, their citizens, and the EU itself. The following four lectures will analyze in detail the internal and external powers of each individual institution, with emphasis on the procedural guarantees and limits aimed at ensuring a representative democracy as established in the foundational treaties. The last four lectures will examine the relationships between the EU institutions (horizontal balance of powers), as well as between the EU institutions and the member States and their citizens (vertical bal-
INSTITUTIONS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 48 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Gretchen ALLEN-MESTRALLET (PhD. Lecturer). Pedagogical Format : Lecture and tutorials Senior lecturers : Ishupal Singh KANG (ATER à mi-temps). Course validation : To validate the course, the student is expected to pass the following assignments : 1/ 2/3 of the ﬁnal grade is comprised of three equal marks obtained in seminars : one individual presentation (1/3 of the seminar grade), one group presentation (1/3 of the seminar grade), one two-hour midterm examination (essay or text commentary : 1/3 of the seminar grade) 2/ 1/3 of the ﬁnal grade : ﬁnal examination (two hours, essay or text commentary) Pedagogical Method : The course will be divided into 12 two-hour lectures. Power