Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
by and for the State is therefore essential to the comprehension of the modern political regimes. This course compares issues of constitutional and institutional structure by addressing the general principles underlying State constitutions and the choice of political regimes (Lectures 1-4), and then analyzing the implementation process of these principles (Lectures 5-8), and the particularities of contemporary constitutions (Lectures 9-12). Six two hour workshops will allow the student to deepen his/her understanding of speciﬁc aspects of the course. Principles of constitutional structure include the analysis of the historical roots of political institutions and constitutions, their underlying goals, and their provisions and formal characteristics. In particular, this ﬁrst part of the course addresses the following questions : Why and how did modern States emerge ? Are institutions endogenous to the State ? What are the effects of decentralization of power in unitary or federal States ? Can a State exist without a constitution ; a constitution without a State ? What are the basic elements of constitutions ? What are constitutions intended to protect or make possible ? What theories have inﬂuenced the framers of constitutions ? What is the process by which States draft and amend constitutions ? What are the different types of government ? How can one deﬁne majoritarian or self-governing democracy ; representative or direct democracy ? How does the separation of powers inﬂuence institutional design ? What is the actual debate confronting “presidentialism” versus “parliamentarism” ? How is contemporary institutional design affected by innovative mechanisms tending to strengthen transparency, accountability, direct participation, and deliberation, as well as the regulation of fourth branches ? What makes a government legitimate ? Process of constitutional implementation : Building on the principles examined in the ﬁrst section, the second part of the course focuses on the difﬁcult implementation of constitutionalism in France. We will examine French constitutional history in detail as it represents substantially all the species of constitutional regimes that have yet been developed (constitutional monarchy, assembly regime, directorate, consulate, empire, parliamentary regime, presidential regime, “semipresidential” regime). Two workshops will generalize these principles through the introduction to
legal reasoning and interpretation. The reasons for the success or failure of each attempted regime in France will serve as guidelines to the analysis of the regimes discussed in part 3. Particularities of contemporary institutional design : This last section examines the design and evolution of classical parliamentary regimes (Great Britain, India, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, Russia) and presidential (United States and Brazil) regimes, as well as speciﬁc power sharing mechanisms in divided societies (Switzerland, Belgium, Bosnia, Israel, Lebanon Libya, China, European Union). To further understand the scope of these particularities, a workshop will consider constitutional development and strategy in regional settings : Islamic constitutionalism following the Arab spring, as well as evolutions in Asian, African, and Latin-American constitutionalism. The ﬁnal workshop will address the contested theory of global constitutionalism. Required reading : Michel Troper. 2012. ‘Sovereignty'. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law. 350-368.
INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMETRICS
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Joanne TAN (PhD student). Pedagogical Format : Elective Course validation : To validate the course, the student is expected to pass the following assignments : 1°) Take-home problem set 1. 2°) Take-home problem set 2. 3°) Final group project. Pedagogical Method : At the end of the course, the student is expected to : 1°) Understand OLS regression and it