Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
invited to register on the eBook platform that displays all the pedagogical material in an interactive form. The Moodle website of this course contains all the material, pedagogical tools and problem sets of the tutorials. The goal is to provide students with the empirical and conceptual knowledge that is necessary to understand the economy. We focus in particular on six important questions : 1. What are the main issues in economics ? How can we explain the wealth and poverty of nations and individuals ? What are the sources of economic growth and innovation ? How can we explain the persistence of unemployment, inﬂation, recessions and ﬁnancial crises ? 2.What are the foundations of individual choices and social interactions ? 3.How can public policies foster social progress ? Why does unemployment persist and why do inﬂation and deﬂation matter ? What are the best policies to stimulate growth ? Which policies enable to ﬁght poverty and inequalities ? Can ﬁscal and monetary policies stabilize the economy ? What should be the ethical criteria in public policy decisions ? 4. Who are the main economic agents ? Individuals : how do selﬁsh, altruistic and ethical aspects of human behavior affect the economy ? How does this affect their decisions as workers, wage earners, consumers and savers ? Firms : what shapes the organization and behavior of ﬁrms ? What is the role of competition ? Institutions : how do institutions work ? How do they contribute to economic development ? 5. What can markets do ? (and what are they not able to do ?) How do societies coordinate their economic activities ? How do markets work, what are the sources of market failures ? What is the role of the government in regulating markets and redistributing resources ? Why are labor and credit markets different from other markets of goods and services ?
What are the costs and beneﬁts of the global circulation of goods, capital and individuals) ? 6. How do economists produce knowledge ? Is economics a science, and what does that mean ? History of economic thought : what are the main debates, why do some disagreements persist ? How are economic theories assessed ? Required reading : EBook CORE The Economy / L'Economie accessible.
INTRODUCTION TO EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Jean-Yves DE CARA (Professeur des Universités). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : Mid-term exam (40% of course mark) ; Final exam (50% of course mark) ; In-class participation (10%) Course Description : The course will cover both humanitarian law – formerly designated as laws of war - and protection of human rights. Indeed, human rights have been a subject matter for international law at ﬁrst in the time of war, in order to ensure respect for and protection of the civilian population and civilian objects and to regulate then if necessary - to punish the misbehaviour of combattants. In the present time, humanitarian law has gone through major developments as it has been illustrated in many internal or international conﬂicts and in an age of terrorism. That will be the object of the ﬁrst part of the course. The second part will deal ﬁrstly with protection of human rights at the international level, particularly by the UN, secondly it will be devoted to the regional approach of Human rights. That depends very much on the political and cultural background. Islamic, South American or even Russian approaches vary from the European one. More speciﬁcally the European Convention on human rights is certainly the most efﬁcient instrument and therefore will constitute an important part of 353