Le Grand Syllabus 2017/2018
The other issue that this class adresses, is for students to be able to promote the opposite of their current ideas. To be able to speak like your opponent is the best way to start a decent conversation with him. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
POLITICS & SOCIETY OF A REGIONAL POWER : THE CASE OF TURKEY
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Semester : Autumn Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Jana JABBOUR (Project Ofﬁcer, UNESCO). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : - Exposé oral – 40% ; - Mémoire ﬁnal – 50% ; - Participation – 10%. Course Description : Over the past two decades, Turkey has experienced far-reaching transformations in its foreign policy orientation, societal dynamics, economic model of development, and political environment. These transformations coincided with the rise to power of a new party, Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (Justice and Development Party- AKP), which has imposed itself as a hegemonic force in Turkish politics since 2002. Breaking with the tradition of secularism and Westernization initiated by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in the 20th century, the AKP explored new paths of development and modernization of Turkey. Using the framework of accession talks with the European Union, the party embarked on a series of major reforms which revolutionized Turkey's domestic and foreign policy : weakening of the role of the military, empowerment of a new bourgeoisie who is socially conservative and economically neoliberal, promotion of “moderate Islamism”, pro-active engagement with Middle East and Arab world, best embodied by the “zeroproblems foreign policy”. At the height of its popularity in 2011, Western and Arab observers saw in Turkey's AKP a potential “model” for the recently emancipated Middle East following the Arab Spring, combining democracy, economic liberalism, and sensitivity to the religious feelings and local values of citizens. Yet, in 2013, the outbreak of the Gezi Park revolt questioned the regime's legitimacy and highlighted the AKP's drift toward an exclusivist style of governance and authoritarian practices. In parallel, the Syrian quagmire and the renewal of armed conﬂict between the PKK and the Turkish military, tested the AKP's real capaci-
Teachers : Anastasia COLOSIMO (Doctorante). Pedagogical Format : Elective Course validation : - An oral presentation about links between religion and politics in a speciﬁc country. (30% of the ﬁnal course mark) ; - An oral exam of 20 minutes with 20 minutes of preparation. The student will randomly pick a subject and will be evaluated as much on his knowledge as on his own ideas on the subject. (50% of the ﬁnal course mark) ; - Oral participation throughout the semester both after the presentations and during discussions. (20% of the ﬁnal course mark). Course Description : It would be complicated today to ﬁnd a more widely shared idea, than the one which puts at the center of modern times the triumph of secularisation. Nevertheless, this apparent evidence cannot reduce the problematic nature of these polysemous notions. The disappearance of trenscendence and the rationalisation of the world which dominated the 20th century seemed to conﬁrm an unprecedented disjonction between politics and religion. However, the step back in the 1980's of the materialistic and revolutionary ideologies made the scene more complex, opposing the new vulgate of the « return of religion » to the previous vulgate of the « end of religion ». The aim of this course is to discover, through Hegel, Feuerbach, Marx, Nietzsche, Weber, Schmitt and Blumenberg, this branch of political philosophy, which tries to identify how theological and political concepts are linked. Required reading : LOWITH Karl, Meaning in History : The Theological Implications of the Philosophy of History ; BLUMENBERG Hans, The Legitimacy of the Modern Age. 424