Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
possible to maintain 'sense of place' (Terrior) in a technological age, diverse community, climate change etc. ? The Geographical Indications (GIs) is a sign used on products that have a speciﬁc geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In other words, GIs are the name of the place, geographical origin, location, and region, associated with goods. The branding of geographical indication shape consumer's actions and opinions about their desire of products and becomes a valuable marketing tool to promote local culture. Geographical Indication holds a strong linkage between region, history, cultural development and climatic condition, making it a very personal connection and reputation to the community at large. The consumer communicates with farmers through the geographical indication which assures that the foods are locally produced. Similarly, the ability of GIs in creating a market value for the products resulting in lucrative sales and high prices makes it an important tool to promote local products at global level. The growing choice of goods across the borders has penetrated well into the international trading system. The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) Agreement have integrated geographical indication with the trade and remains to be controversial at international trade. There are two different approaches in protecting geographical indication. The EU has sui generis model to register and protected Geographical Indications for agricultural products and foodstuffs, wine, spirit and aromatised wine. On the other hand, the U.S. protects geographical indication in the form of trademark, mainly as certiﬁcation marks. Moreover, the EU is moving a step ahead to ensure the protection of the traditional cultural expression through extension of geographical indication protection to non-agricultural products. Nevertheless, there is always a tension between trademark and geographical indication. Theoretically, it may be argued that the foundation of both the system remains same but in terms of legal status, both are treated differently. This course will examine the concepts of geographical indications and its rural, cultural and economic importance to the Country. Moreover, through examining the case law and current ongoing real world trade negotiation as a case study will aware the position and contemporary
issues and concerns related to geographical indications. Required reading : to be deﬁned.
TERRORISM, WAR, RIGHTS : INTERNATIONAL LAW IN DARK TIMES
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 24 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Alberto RINALDI (PhD student). Pedagogical Format : Lecture alone Course validation : To validate the course, the student is expected to pass the following assignments (at least three grades) : 1°) Group Presentation of a legal case – 30%. Each class is going to have a group-presentation of a legal case. Presentations should not exceed 15 mintues and should use a powerpoint. More details on assessement will be given at the beginning of the semester. 2°) Individual Reaction Papers of a reading (1000-1500 words) – 20%. Each student will be required to choose one reading during the semester and write a reaction paper in response to it (reactions papers should be between 1000-1500 words, excluding footnotes). The reaction paper must show a critical attitude towards the reading material analyzed, needs to be clear and well organized and with proper footnotes. The paper must be sent to the teacher before the class in which that speciﬁc reading is going to be discussed. 3°) Individual Research paper (2000 words, excluding footnotes) – 30%. On any topic related to the course. It can be an analsysis of a legal case (not already seen in class), or a more theoretical/philosophical research paper on war, terrorism, cyberwarfare, crimmigration, etc. It must be well-researched, clear and structured, with proper footnotes. The problématique