Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
Course Description : Scholar's main obstacle in any detailed study of China's foreign policy is the opacity of its decision-making process. This black box is hard to open since “access to sources, meetings and leading ﬁgures […] is difﬁcult for outsiders, whether Chinese or foreigners, to obtain”. Indeed, the political system remains authoritarian and opaque, not democratic and transparent. Yet, to study China's foreign policy has become the key objective of many diplomats, scholars and even business people since China's inﬂuence on the international stage is unprecedented. This course has two main objectives. First, the course is designed to introduce students with China's foreign policy since 1949, with a special focus on Contemporary China's foreign policy since 2012. Some themes could be further explored, in accordance with students' expectations : ChinaUS relations, China-Koreas relations, China's territorial disputes in the South China Sea, China's involvement in the UN peacekeeping operations, etc. Second, the course is designed to introduce students to the process of scientiﬁc and empirical research in social sciences, especially in the ﬁeld of international relations, using a concrete case study. Far from focusing on abstract concepts and theories, this course aims at presenting not only research methods but the process of designing of a comprehensive research strategy. To do so, it will introduce students to basic research methods on data collection (experimental, survey, case and interpretative research) and data analysis (qualitative and quantitative data) using a mix of research sources (academic and press articles, ofﬁcial speeches, interviews, opinion surveys, etc.), while always confronting student with the reality of the research ﬁeld. Required reading : “Chapter One, Continuity and Strategy in Contemporary Chinese Foreign Policy” in SUTTER Robert, Chinese foreign relations, Power and policy since the cold war, 4th edition, Rowman & Littleﬁeld, 2016, pp.1-18.
Teachers : Eugénie MERIEAU (PhD - Post Doctoral Researcher). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : -Oral Participation (in-class presentations, debates and discussions) : 50% -Final Essay (to be submitted by 19 February) : 50% Course Description : The difference between adopting a constitution and genuine constitutionalism lies in the lack of effective protection of human rights and separation of powers. Most recent constitution-making processes, however, often result in seemingly democratic constitutions, providing, at least nominally, for the effective protection of human rights and separation of powers ; yet, these provisions do not translate into democratic institutions ; they can even entrench authoritarian rule. Southeast Asian countries are a blatant example of this discrepancy between sophisticated formal constitutionalism and the actual exercise of State power. Currently, Southeast Asia is one of the most authoritarian regions of the world, albeit with very sophisticated constitutions. Political and legal developments in this region challenge widely held assumptions regarding the relationship between democracy and constitutionalism. -Does the development of constitutional discourses and practices necessarily translate into more democracy ? -Do authoritarian States necessarily tend to transition toward the ideal of democracy ? -Can liberalism be removed from the equation linking constitutionalism to democracy ? Using the various tools offered by the social sciences to study constitutional law, the workshop will take students on a journey throughout Southeast Asia (Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Brunei, the Philippines and East Timor) and invite them to discuss the following culturalist arguments : - Is there anything speciﬁcally “Asian” in Southeast Asian constitutions ? - Is Southeast Asian constitutionalism based on some speciﬁc “Asian values” tha