Collège universitaire / Undergraduate Program / Enseignements / Teachings
Ces violences généralement peu traitées de ce côté-ci du monde méritent par elles-mêmes d'être dévoilées. Mais elles peuvent aussi servir à mieux comprendre celles qui ont frappé le monde occidental, au travers de leurs ressemblances comme de leurs différences. Ainsi, trouve-t-on en Asie l'équivalent de la Shoah ? Le maoïsme utiliset-il les mêmes méthodes que Staline ? Peut-on parler de génocide au Cambodge, ou en Indonésie ? Y-a-t-il un djihadisme spéciﬁquement asiatique ? Enﬁn, l'examen des violences asiatiques permet de clariﬁer nombre d'enjeux politiques et géopolitiques contemporains, des tensions sinojaponaises aux difﬁcultés de la stabilisation au Cambodge. On terminera en s'interrogeant sur ce que ces cas peuvent apporter à la conceptualisation des violences de masse, et aux tentatives en cours pour les juguler. Lectures principales demandées : Bernard Bruneteau, Un siècle de génocides – Des Hereros au Darfour (1904-2004), Paris, Armand Colin, 2016 (chapitres généraux et sur l'Asie).
migration, it seems that we have entered the Age of Disruption. Yet, the possibility of a profound societal and global renewal has never been more real. Whether we manage to make it largely depends on our ability to change our perception and moving away from an out-dated worldview to which our social institutions still largely subscribe. Over the past thirty years it has become clear that a full understanding of these issues requires nothing less than a radically new conception of life. And indeed, such a new conception is now emerging. At the forefront of contemporary science, we no longer see the universe as a machine composed of elementary building blocks. We have discovered that the material world, ultimately, is a network of inseparable patterns of relationships ; that the planet as a whole is a living, self-regulating system. From this view, it is becoming more and more evident that the major problems of our time – energy, the environment, climate change, food security, ﬁnancial security – cannot be understood in isolation. They are systemic problems, which means that they are all interconnected and interdependent. From the whole-system approach it is that underlying condition which must be dealt with ; otherwise the 'solutions' to apparent problems will simply continue to lead to other problems. Sustainable society must be designed in such a way that its ways of life, businesses, economy, physical structures, and technologies do not interfere with nature's inherent ability to sustain life. Starting from the idea of Albert Einstein, who said that "no problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it", the aim of this seminar is to study new frameworks for research in social sciences that would enable the students to approach their research interests with a new perception of social reality and to look at the fundamentals of our social systems from a new angle. The idea of this seminar is to go beyond the critical approach and deconstructions of postmodernity and work from the holistic vision of the new paradigm. In approaching the global problems from a whole-system perspective, we will be focusing on the fundamental question : what is it we seek ? Answering this question will make us see how certain fundamental assumptions (e.g. about economic growth, development, ownership patterns, competition etc.) that we hold eventually 533
WINTER WORKSHOP : NEW FRAMEWORKS FOR RESEARCH IN SOCIAL SCIENCES
Semester : Spring Number of hours : 15 Language of tuition : English
Teachers : Darina PETROVA (Lawyer). Pedagogical Format : Seminar Course validation : To validate the course, the student is expected to do attend the lectures, participate in the group discussions and case clinics as well as submit a 5-10 page research paper on a chosen topic using the frameworks studied at the seminar. Pedagogical Method : Each day of the seminar will start with the lectures introducing the new